Hacienda Dzibikak

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hacienda Dzibikak
Private Residence / Event Venue
Entrance to Hacienda Dzibikak, Yucatán.
Entrance to Hacienda Dzibikak, Yucatán.
Coordinates: 20°54′09″N 89°47′39″W / 20.90250°N 89.79417°W / 20.90250; -89.79417Coordinates: 20°54′09″N 89°47′39″W / 20.90250°N 89.79417°W / 20.90250; -89.79417
CountryMexico
Mexican StatesYucatán
MunicipalitiesUmán Municipality
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Postal code
97391[1]
Area code988[2]

Hacienda Dzibikak is located in the Umán Municipality within the town of Umán in the state of Yucatán in southeastern Mexico. It is one of the properties that arose during the nineteenth century henequen boom.

Toponymy[edit]

The name (Dzibikak) is a word from the Mayan language meaning 'written with fire'.[3]

How to get there[edit]

The property is located south of Mérida in the town of Umán.

History[edit]

Dzibikak was a Mayan settlement that emerged five centuries ago as an agricultural trading center. Small settlements were planted with crops such as maize, beans and cotton to trade with the coastal towns for fish and salt. After the Spanish invasion, encomiendas were established in these settlement centers, which gave rise to the interior haciendas of the Hunucmá District.[4]

Hacienda Dzibikak was operational in 1860 and in 1879 had a population of 231 people. The owner of Dzibikak in 1882 also owned Hacienda Sacnicté.[5] In 1910 the hacienda had a population of between 200 and 400 people.[6] With the decline of the sisal industry and a fire in the warehouse which collapsed the walls and ceilings, the buildings were abandoned.[7]

In 2005, Richard and Lena Nichols purchased the ruins of Hacienda Dzibikak. They spent the next 6 years renovating the property which is now available for weddings, photo sessions, ‘quinceañeras’ or corporate events. It has hosted a ballet with 300 attendees and is the location for the annual Mérida Music Festival.[8]

Demographics[edit]

All of the henequen plantations ceased to exist as autonomous communities with the agrarian land reform implemented by President Lazaro Cardenas in 1937. His decree turned the haciendas into collective ejidos, leaving only 150 hectares to the former landowners for use as private property.[9] Figures before 1937 indicate populations living on the farm. After 1937, figures indicate those living in the community, as the remaining Hacienda Dzibikak houses only the owner's immediate family.

A pueblo of the same name surrounds the hacienda. According to census of 2005 conducted by the INEGI, the population of the city was 1,238 inhabitants, of whom 628 were men and 610 were women; while in 2010, the INEGI reported a total of 1,388 inhabitants.[10]

Population of Dzibikak by year
Year 1900 1910 1921 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Population 290 358 284 297 256 304 351 463 621 800 994 1,069 1,238 1,388

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Consulta Códigos Postales". Servicio Postal Mexicano. Correos de México. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
  2. ^ "Yucatan Mexico Telephone Area Codes". Travel Yucatan. Travel Yucatan. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
  3. ^ "History". Hacienda Dzibikak. Hacienda Dzibikak. Archived from the original on 3 March 2015. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  4. ^ Eiss, Paul K. (2010). In the name of el Pueblo: Place, Community, and the Politics of History in Yucatán. Durham [u.a.]: Duke Univ. Press. pp. 20–22. ISBN 978-0-822-34727-9. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  5. ^ Peniche Rivero, Piedad. "From Milpero and Lunero to Henequenero: A Transition to Capitalism in Yucatán, Mexico" (PDF): 575. Retrieved 2 May 2015. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Eiss (2010), p 47
  7. ^ "Historia de Hacienda Dzibikak". Bodaclick (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Bodaclick. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  8. ^ Mandy, Stewart (15 February 2014). "Hacienda Dzibikak – The most romantic hacienda in Yucatán!". Mérida, Mexico: The Yucatan Times. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  9. ^ Joseph, Gilbert Michael (1988). Revolution from without : Yucatán, Mexico, and the United States, 1880-1924 (Pbk. ed.). Durham: Duke University Press. p. 292. ISBN 0-8223-0822-3. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
  10. ^ "Principales resultados por localidad (ITER)". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. 2010. Retrieved 30 April 2015.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bracamonte, P and Solís, R., Los espacios de autonomía maya, Ed. UADY, Mérida, 1997.
  • Gobierno del Estado de Yucatán, "Los municipios de Yucatán", 1988.
  • Kurjack, Edward y Silvia Garza, Atlas arqueológico del Estado de Yucatán, Ed. INAH, 1980.
  • Patch, Robert, La formación de las estancias y haciendas en Yucatán durante la colonia, Ed. UADY, 1976.
  • Peón Ancona, J. F., "Las antiguas haciendas de Yucatán", en Diario de Yucatán, Mérida, 1971.

External links[edit]

Photo gallery[edit]