Hakuchi Adyghe dialect

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ХьакIуцубзэ Kh′ak′ucubză, Къaрaцхaибзэ Qaracxaibză
Native to Turkey
Northwest Caucasian (or Pontic)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog xaku1238[1]

Hakuchi (Xakuchi; Хьакӏуцубзэ [ħaːkʷʼət͡sʷəbza] Kh′ak′ucubză or Къaрaцхaибзэ Qaracxaibză in Hakuchi Adyghe) is a variety of the Shapsug sub-dialect of West Adyghe dialect of Adyghe language spoken in Turkey.

The dialect is phonologically peculiar when compared to the other Adyghe sub-dialects. Its lexicon and consonantal system are substantially affected by the Ubykh language, the first language of many Hakuchi speakers before its death. Hakuchi Adyghe is one of the most divergent dialects from the literary dialect of Adyghe.


The Hakuchi has an uvular ejective [qʼ] and a labialized uvular ejective [qʷʼ][2] that correspond to West Adyghe and Kabardian Adyghe glottal stop [ʔ] and labialized glottal stop [ʔʷ].

Word Hakuchi dialect Ubykh West Adyghe Kabardian
IPA Cyrillic IPA Cyrillic IPA Cyrillic
two tʼqʷʼə тӏыкъӏу tʼqʷʼa tʷʼə тӏу tʼəw тӏу
to say qʼan къӏон (къӏуэн) qʼan ʔʷan ӏон ʔʷan ӏуэн
hand qʼa къӏэ q'a:p'a ʔa ӏэ ʔa ӏэ
table qʼaːna къӏанэ  ? ʔaːna ӏанэ ʔaːna ӏанэ
hat paːqʷʼa пакъӏо (пакъӏуэ)  ? paːʔʷa паӏо  ?  ?

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Xakuchi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ adygeya-republic phonetic changes Ларингализация
  • John Colarusso, A grammar of the Kabardian language, University of Calgary Press, 1992, ISBN 0-919813-99-2, p. 2
  • Henricus Joannes Smeets, Studies in West Circassian phonology and morphology, Hakuchi Press, 1984, pp. 3,361,452