Halland Regiment

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Halland Regiment
Hallands regemente
Hallandsgruppen vapen.svg
Active1624–1713, 1713–2000
Country Sweden
AllegianceSwedish Armed Forces
BranchSwedish Army
TypeInfantry
SizeRegiment
Part of3rd Military District (1833–1893)
1st Army Division (1893–1901)
I Army Division (1902–1927)
Southern Army Division (1928–1936)
I Army Division (1937–1943)
III Military Area (1943–1966)
Western Military Area (1966-1992)
Southern Military Area (1993-2000)
Garrison/HQHalmstad
Motto(s)Posse est velle ("To want is to be able to")
ColorsBlack and yellow (–1952),
Blue and white (1952–2000)
March"Friedrich-Wilhelm-marsch" (Winter)[note 1]
Battle honoursLützen (1632), Leipzig (1642), Lund (1676), Gadebusch (1712)
Insignia
Unit insignia m/1960AM.090975-I 16 (2).jpg

The Halland Regiment (Swedish: Hallands regemente), designations I 16 and I 16/Fo 31, was a Swedish Army infantry regiment that traced its origins back to the 16th century. The regiment's soldiers were originally recruited from the provinces of Västergötland and Dalsland, but it was later garrisoned in Halland. The unit was disbanded as a result of the disarmament policies set forward in the Defence Act of 2000.

History[edit]

The regiment has its origins in fänikor (companies) raised in Västergötland and Dalsland in the 16th century. In 1615, these units were organised by Gustav II Adolf into Västergötlands storregemente. Västergötlands storregemente consisted of three field regiments, of which Västgöta-Dals Regiment was one. Sometime between 1621 and 1624, the grand regiment was permanently split into three smaller regiments, of which Västgöta-Dals Regiment was one.

Västgöta-Dals Regiment was one of the original 20 Swedish infantry regiments mentioned in the Swedish constitution of 1634. The regiment's first commander was Wilhelm von Salzburg. It was allotted in 1685. The regiment was given the designation I 16 (16th Infantry Regiment) in a general order in 1816.

In 1902 the regiment changed recruitment area to Halland and was garrisoned in Halmstad. The name was changed to Halland Regiment to reflect this. In 1975, the regiment gained the new designation I 16/Fo 31 as a consequence of a merge with the local defence area Fo 31. The regiment was disbanded in 2000.

Campaigns[edit]

Organisation[edit]

Heraldry and traditions[edit]

Colours, standards and guidons[edit]

On 7 June 1952, the regimentet was presented with the first colour with the provincial badge of Halland. The 1952 colour was presented by Prince Bertil, Duke of Halland. Until 1952, the colours of the regiment had been the colour of Västergötland (black and yellow), though the regiment since 1906 was located in province of Halland. When the regiment received the "Hallandian" colour, the colour of Halland (blue and white) was adopted.[2] The last regimental colour was presented to the regiment (I 16/Fo 31) in Halmstad by the Chief of Army Staff, lieutenant general Åke Sagrén on 7 July 1994.[3] It was used as regimental colour by I 16/Fo 31 until 1 July 2000. The colour is drawn by Bengt Olof Kälde and embroidered by machine in insertion technique by the company Libraria. Blazon: "On blue cloth the provincial badge of Halland; a white lion rampant, armed red. On a white border at the upper side of the colour, battle honours (Lützen 1632, Leipzig 1642, Lund 1676, Gadebusch 1712) i blue."[3]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of the arms of the Halland Regiment (I 16/Fo 31) 1977–1994 and the Halland Brigade (Hallandsbrigaden, IB 16) 1994–2000. Blazon: "Azure, the provincial badge of Halland, a double-tailed lion rampant argent, armed and langued gules. The shield surmounted two muskets in saltire or".[4] The coat of arms of the Halland Regiment (I 16/Fo 31) 1994–2000 and the Halland Group (Hallandsgruppen) since 2000. Blazon: "Azure, the provincial badge of Halland, a double-tailed lion rampant argent, armed and langued gules. The shield surmounted two swords in saltire or".[4]

Medals[edit]

In 2000, the Hallands regementes (I 16) och Hallandsbrigadens (IB 16) minnesmedalj ("Halland Regiment (I 16) and Halland Brigade (IB 16) Commemorative Medal") in silver (HallregbrigSMM) of the 8th size was established. The medal ribbon is of blue moiré with a black stripe on the middle followed on each side by a yellow stripe, then a white stripe and last a red line.[5]

Heritage[edit]

The Halland Group (Hallandsgruppen) is the traditional keeper of the regimental heritage and traditions, and organizes under the Air Defence Regiment (Lv 6). The Halland Group took over the colour and traditions in connection with the disbandment of the regiment and the brigade on 30 June 2000.[2] From 1 July 2013, the traditions of the regiment will be continued by Halland Battalion (Hallands bataljon), part of the Halland Group.[6]

Other[edit]

Rudolf Petersson, creator of the comic En beväringsmans upplevelser och äventyr ("A military man's experiences and adventures"), now 91:an, made his military service at Halland Regiment which is the model for Klackamo Heath, where Mandel Karlsson, 87:an Axelsson and the others in the 91:an comic book did their military service.

Commanding officers[edit]

Regimental commanders active at the regiment 1924–2000. Göran Cunnighame was the first to be named regimental commander.[7]

  • 10 March 1624 – Welham von Salzburg (acting)
  • 1625–1632: Göran Cunnighame
  • 1632–1651: Nils Kagg
  • 1651–1657: Johan Stake
  • 1657–1660: Gustaf Oxenstierna
  • 1660–1680: Vilhelm Jernsköld
  • 1680–1691: David Macklier
  • 1691–1705: Johan Fägerskiöld
  • 1705–1716: Georg Reinhold Patkull  (POW)
  • 1710–1712: N Palmfelt (acting)
  • 1713–1716: B C Wulfrath (acting)
  • 1716–1732: Libert Rosenstierna
  • 1732–1735: Johan Fredrik Didron
  • 1735–1745: Karl Ollonberg
  • 1745–1749: Karl Lillie
  • 1749–1766: Erik Lybecker
  • 1766–1769: Ulrik Scheffer
  • 1769–1769: Klaes Kristoffer Ekeblad
  • 1769–1770: Karl Gustav Strömschiöld
  • 1770–1773: Joen Filip Klingspor
  • 1773–1779: Abraham Daniel Schönström
  • 1779–1785: Fredrik Posse
  • 1785–1793: Gustav Cronhielm
  • 1793–1796: Gustav Lewenhaupt
  • 1796–1811: Karl Bunge
  • 1811–1816: Carl Löwenhielm
  • 1816–1817: Gustav Fredrik Vilhelm Gyllenram
  • 1817–1838: Wilhelm Albrecht Dorchimont
  • 1838–1847: Axel Vilhelm Ehrengranat
  • 1847–1853: Polykarpus Erik Cronhielm
  • 1853–1864: Klaes Samuel Sandels
  • 1864–1871: Lage Evald Posse
  • 1871–1882: Eggert Elers
  • 1882–1890: Otto Taube
  • 1890–1890: Pontus Henrik Vilhelm Reuterswärd
  • 1890–1894: Karl Oskar Unaeus
  • 1894–1902: Otto Vilhelm Löwenborg (namnbyte)
  • 1902–1909: Karl Vilhelm Emanuel Ankarcrona
  • 1909–1917: Emil Mörcke
  • 1917–1926: Peter Hegardt
  • 1926–1932: Reinhold Geijer
  • 1932–1937: Gösta Bratt
  • 1937–1938: Axel Gyllenkrook
  • 1938–1940: Nils Bildt
  • 1941–1944: Ivar Lindqvist
  • 1944–1947: Henrik Wrede
  • 1947–1951: M Hedenlund
  • 1951–1954: P Lande
  • 1954–1957: Carl Klingenstierna
  • 1957–1959: Arne Mohlin
  • 1959–1960: Tage Olihn
  • 1960–1968: Nils Juhlin
  • 1968–1976: Lage Wernstedt
  • 1976–1980: Carl-Gustaf Tiselius
  • 1980–1983: Gustaf Malmström
  • 1983–1988: R Morell
  • 1988–1993: G Wetterlundh
  • 1993–1995: P Källström
  • 1995–1996: P Jonsson
  • 1996–1998: Mats Welff
  • 1998–2000: Arne Hedman

Names, designations and locations[edit]

Name Translation From To
Kungl. Västgöta-Dals regemente Royal Västgöta-Dals Regiment 1624-03-10 1713-05-06
Kungl. Västgöta-Dals regemente Royal Västgöta-Dals Regiment 1713-??-?? 1901-12-31
Kungl. Hallands regemente Royal Halland Regiment 1902-01-01 1974-12-31
Hallands regemente Halland Regiment 1975-01-01 1975-06-30
Hallands regemente och försvarsområde Halland Regiment and Defence Area 1975-07-01 2000-06-30
Avvecklingsorganisation Halland Decommissioning Organisation Halland 2000-07-01 2001-03-31
Designation From To
№ 16 1816-10-01 1914-09-30
I 16 1914-10-01 1974-06-30
I 16/Fo 31 1975-07-01 2000-06-30
Location From To
Nygårdsängen 1685-??-?? 1863-05-04
Grunnebo hed 1863-05-05 1906-09-30
Skedalahed 1903-07-01 1906-09-30
Halmstad Garrison 1906-10-01 2001-03-31

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The march was adopted in the late-1800s and established in 1953 by Army Order 33/1953. The march was used by the Halland Brigade (Hallandsbrigaden) from 1994 to 2000 and by the Halland Group (Hallandsgruppen) from 2000.[1]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sandberg 2007, p. 83
  2. ^ a b Braunstein 2003, pp. 73–76
  3. ^ a b Braunstein 2004, p. 79
  4. ^ a b Braunstein 2006, pp. 24-25
  5. ^ Braunstein 2007, p. 108
  6. ^ "Försvarets traditioner i framtiden – Bilaga 3" (PDF) (in Swedish). Statens försvarshistoriska museer/Försvarets traditionsnämnd. 2012-07-01. p. 2. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  7. ^ Kjellander 2003, p. 269

Print[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Berggren, Gustaf (1924). Kungl. Hallands regemente (Västgöta-Dals regemente) 1624-1924: minnesskrift utg. med anledning av regementets 300-åriga tillvaro (in Swedish). Halmstad: Meijel. LIBRIS 220647.
  • Hallands regemente och Hallandsbrigaden: biografiska uppgifter 1974-2000 (in Swedish). Halmstad: Hallands regemente och Hallandsbrigadens kamratförening. 2003. LIBRIS 10312179.
  • Kungl. Hallands regemente 1902-1974: biografiska uppgifter (in Swedish). Halmstad: Utg. 1974. LIBRIS 115858.
  • Kungl. Hallands regemente 350 år (in Swedish). Halmstad: [Hallands regemente]. 1974. LIBRIS 3200855.
  • Kungl. Hallands regementes historia 1962-2000 (in Swedish). Halmstad: Hallands regementes och Hallandsbrigadens kamratfören. 2004. LIBRIS 9645492.
  • Kollberg, Ludvig (1995). "Hallands regemente och femtioårsminnen från beredskapstiden". Föreningen Gamla Halmstads årsbok (in Swedish). 72: 222–231. ISSN 1101-9239. LIBRIS 2124641.
  • Lilliehöök, Christer; Hägge, Eric; Berggren, Gustaf (1964). Kungl. Västgötadals regemente och Kungl. Hallands regemente 1624-1961: regementets historia med glimtar ur dess liv i fred och krig i helg och söcken (in Swedish). [Stockholm]. LIBRIS 1178565.
  • Mankell, Julius (1866). Anteckningar rörande svenska regementernas historia (in Swedish) (2nd ed.). Örebro: Lindh. pp. 319–324. LIBRIS 1549756.

Coordinates: 56°41′22″N 12°51′42″E / 56.68944°N 12.86167°E / 56.68944; 12.86167