Hamden, Oklahoma

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hamden, Oklahoma
Unincorporated community
Hamden is located in Oklahoma
Hamden
Hamden
Hamden is located in the US
Hamden
Hamden
Location within the state of Oklahoma
Coordinates: 34°08′32″N 95°34′00″W / 34.14222°N 95.56667°W / 34.14222; -95.56667Coordinates: 34°08′32″N 95°34′00″W / 34.14222°N 95.56667°W / 34.14222; -95.56667
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Choctaw
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
GNIS feature ID 1100472

Hamden is an unincorporated community in northern Choctaw County, Oklahoma.[1] It is seven miles southeast of Antlers, Oklahoma.

A United States Post Office was established at Hamden, Indian Territory on March 31, 1894 and operated until May 15, 1924.[2] Hamden is on the boundary separating Choctaw County and Pushmataha County, and residents of the community live in both.

During the 1880s the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway, more popularly known as the “Frisco”, built a line from north to south through the Choctaw Nation of the Indian Territory, connecting Fort Smith, Arkansas with Paris, Texas. Train stations were established every few miles to aid in opening up the land and, more particularly, to serve as the locations of section houses. Supervisors for their respective miles of track lived in the section houses to administer the track and its right-of-way. These stations also served as points at which the trains could draw water.

The site of Hamden was selected because of its proximity to a local creek. Adjacent station stops were established to the north and south.

The sparsely populated area, at that time known as Kiamitia County (Kiamichi County) of the Choctaw Nation, in the Indian Territory, was home to Choctaw Indians who farmed or subsisted on the land.

Few roads or trails existed. Transportation was provided by the Frisco Railroad, which offered six trains per day—three in each direction—until it closed to passenger traffic during the late 1950s. It continued freight operations until 1981, when it closed altogether.

Hamden, in its commercial heyday, boasted a cotton gin, store, school and churches, in addition to numerous homes. Residents continue to live in the area. The only local landmarks are a community center and the foundations of the old cotton gin, located near the railroad tracks and creek.

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hamden, Oklahoma
  2. ^ George B. Shirk, Oklahoma Place Names, p. 96; Post Office Site Location Reports, Record Group 28, National Archives