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|Preceded by:||Conflict class|
|Succeeded by:||Sunfish class|
|Type:||Torpedo boat destroyer|
|Displacement:||275 long tons (279 t)|
|Length:||194 ft (59 m)|
|Propulsion:||Thornycroft boilers, 4,000 hp (2,983 kW)|
|Speed:||27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph)|
Design and construction
As part of the 1893–1894 Naval Estimates, the British Admiralty placed orders for 36 torpedo-boat destroyers, all to be capable of 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph), as a follow-on to the six prototype "26-knotters" ordered in the previous 1892–1893 Estimates. Of the 36 destroyers, three ships (Handy, Hart and Hunter) were ordered from Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company of Govan, the first torpedo craft to be built by that shipyard. As typical for torpedo craft at the time, the Admiralty left detailed design to the builders, laying down only broad requirements.
Fairfield's design was 197 feet (60.05 m) long overall and 194 feet (59.13 m) between perpendiculars, with a beam of 19 feet 5 inches (5.92 m) and a draught of 7 feet 6 inches (2.29 m). Displacement was 275 long tons (279 t) light and 310 long tons (310 t) full load, while the ship's complement was 53 officers and men. Three Thornycroft boilers fed steam at 215 pounds per square inch (1,480 kPa) to two 3-cylinder triple expansion steam engines rated at 4,000 indicated horsepower (3,000 kW) and driving two propeller shafts. Two funnels were fitted. Armament consisted of a single QF 12 pounder 12 cwt[a] gun and three 6-pounder guns, with two 18-inch (450 mm) torpedo tubes. As a gunboat, one of the torpedo tubes could be removed to accommodate a further two six-pounders.[b]
- Lyon 2001, pp. 19–20.
- Lyon 2001, p. 87.
- Chesneau and Kolesnik 1979, p. 87.
- Manning 1961, p. 39.
- Manning 1961, p. 36.
- Friedman 2009, p. 48.
- Friedman 2009, p. 291.
- Lyon 2001, pp. 98–99.
- Friedman 2009, p. 40.
- Lyon 2003, p. 100.
- Brassey, T.A. (1897). The Naval Annual 1897. Portsmouth, UK: J. Griffin and Co.
- Brown, D.K. (2003). Warrior to Dreadnought: Warship Development 1860–1905. London: Caxton Editions. ISBN 1-84067-5292.
- Chan Lau Kit-Ching (1990). China, Britain & Hong Kong 1895–1945. Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press. ISBN 962-201-409-7.
- Chesneau, Roger; Kolesnik, Eugene M, eds. (1979). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-133-5.
- Crowe, George (1903). The Commission of H.M.S. Terrible: 1898–1902. London: George Newnes.
- Friedman, Norman (2009). British Destroyers: From Earliest Days to the Second World War. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-049-9.
- Gardiner, Robert; Gray, Randal, eds. (1985). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5.
- Lyon, David (2001). The First Destroyers. London: Caxton Editions. ISBN 1-84067-3648.
- Manning, T. D. (1961). The British Destroyer. London: Putnam & Co. Ltd.
- Manning, T.D. The British Destroyer. Godfrey Cave Associates. ISBN 0-906223-13-X.
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