Hanging Church

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hanging Church
El Muallaqa
ϯⲉⲕⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ⲛ̀ⲧⲉⲑⲉⲟⲇⲟⲕⲟⲥ ϯⲁⲅⲓⲁ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ Ϧⲉⲛ ⲃⲁⲃⲩⲗⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲭⲏⲙⲓ
Kairo Hanging Church BW 1.jpg
Hanging Church is located in Egypt
Hanging Church
Hanging Church
30°00′19″N 31°13′48″E / 30.0054°N 31.2301°E / 30.0054; 31.2301Coordinates: 30°00′19″N 31°13′48″E / 30.0054°N 31.2301°E / 30.0054; 31.2301
LocationBabylon, Egypt
History
Founded3rd century
DedicationVirgin Mary
Administration
DioceseCoptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria
Clergy
Bishop(s)Pope Tawadros II
Bishop Selwaniss
Priest(s)Fr. Jacob Soliman

Saint Virgin Mary's Coptic Orthodox Church (Coptic: ϯⲉⲕⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ⲛ̀ⲧⲉⲑⲉⲟⲇⲟⲕⲟⲥ ϯⲁⲅⲓⲁ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ Ϧⲉⲛ ⲃⲁⲃⲩⲗⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲭⲏⲙⲓ Church of Mother of God Saint Mary in Egyptian Babylon), also known as the Hanging Church (Arabic: الكنيسة المعلقة‎, romanizedal-Kanīsa al-Muʿallaqa, Coptic: ϯⲉⲕⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ⲉⲥⲓϣⲓ), is one of the oldest churches in Egypt and the history of a church on this site dates to the third century.[citation needed] It belongs to the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria.

Name and description[edit]

The Hanging Church is named for its location above a gatehouse of Babylon Fortress, the Roman fortress in Coptic Cairo (Old Cairo); its nave is suspended over a passage.[1] The church is approached by twenty-nine steps; early travelers to Cairo dubbed it "the Staircase Church".[1] The land surface has risen by some six metres since the Roman period, so the Roman tower is mostly buried below ground, reducing the visual impact of the church's elevated position.[citation needed]

The entrance from the street is through iron gates under a pointed stone arch. The nineteenth-century facade with twin bell towers is then seen beyond a narrow courtyard decorated with modern art biblical designs. Up the steps and through the entrance is a further small courtyard leading to the eleventh-century outer porch.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The Hanging Church was probably built during the patriarchate of Isaac (690–692), though an earlier church building may have elsewhere existed dating as early as the 3rd or 4th century. However, the earliest mention of the church was a statement in the biography of the patriarch Joseph I (831–849), when the governor of Egypt visited the establishment. The church was largely rebuilt by the Pope Abraham (975–978) and has seen many other restorations including an extensive repair and restoration of the church and its surroundings completed in 2011.[2] Objects of historical interest that were no longer of service went to the Coptic Museum.

Importance[edit]

The Hanging Church is the most famous Coptic Christian church in Cairo, as well as possibly the first built in basilican style.[2]

The church is the site of several reported Marian apparitions.[3] She is said to have appeared in a dream to Pope Abraham in the 970s in the story of how the Mokattam was moved by the faith of Simon the Tanner.

Seat of Coptic Pope[edit]

The Seat of the Coptic Orthodox Pope of Alexandria was, historically, Alexandria. However, as ruling powers moved away from Alexandria to Cairo after the Muslim conquest of Egypt during Pope Christodolos's tenure, Cairo became the fixed and official residence of the Coptic Pope at the Hanging Church in 1047.

Infighting between the Church of Saints Sergius and Bacchus and the el Muʿallaqah (the Hanging Church) broke out due to that patriarch's desire to be consecrated in the Hanging Church, a ceremony that traditionally took place at Saints Sergius and Bacchus.

Icons and decoration[edit]

The Hanging Church has 110 icons, the oldest of which dates back to the 8th century, but most of them date to the 18th century. Nakhla Al-Baraty Bey gave some of them as gifts, in 1898, when he was the overseer of the church.[4]

Iconostasis[edit]

The iconostasis of the central sanctuary is made of ebony inlaid with ivory, and is surmounted by icons of the Virgin Mary and the Twelve Apostles.[citation needed]

Altar: screen and icons[edit]

The main altar (Egyptian Arabic: haikal) screen is made of ebony inlaid with ivory that is carved into segments showing several Coptic Cross designs that date back to around the 12th or 13th century. Over the altar screen lies a long row of seven large icons, the central one of which is Christ seated on the throne. On one side, the icons of the Virgin Mary, Archangel Gabriel and St Peter are lined up. On the other, icons of St. John the Baptist, Archangel Michael and St. Paul.[citation needed]

Facade and interior[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Hanging Church - Cairo, Egypt". www.sacred-destinations.com. Retrieved 2018-03-14.
  2. ^ a b El-Aref, Nevine (4 January 2011). "Old Cairo's Hanging Church restored". Cairo: Ahram Online. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  3. ^ BBC Newshour, Oct. 11, 2014, 20:00 GMT.
  4. ^ "The Hanging Church". www.ask-aladdin.com. Retrieved 2018-03-14.