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Hans Ehlich (born 1 July 1901, in Leipzig - 30 March 1991 in Braunschweig) was a doctor and SS-Standartenführer (Colonel) in Germany during World War II. He was the commander of Amtsgruppe III B "Volkstum und Volksgesundheit" in the SD in occupied Poland.
Childhood, school and further study
Hans Ehlich was the oldest of five children. His father was an engineer, who moved to Heilbronn in 1905 for work. He relocated then to Chemnitz in 1911. He entered high school in 1920 and then began his studies in medicine and dentistry in Leipzig and Würzburg. Around 1923, Ehlich became involved with various right wing movements, and took part in preparations for Hitler's November putsch in 1923 in Munich. After passing his medical exams, Ehlich took up a position in 1927 as Doctor in the City Hospital in Johannstadt, Dresden. He joined the NSDAP on December 1, 1931. In February 1932, he became independent and opened up a medical practise in Kötzschenbroda (since 1935 part of Radebeul).
Closing days of the War
Shortly before end of war in Berlin, the remaining officers in the RSHA, including Ehlich destroyed incriminating documents and established new identities. In Flensburg, Ehlich worked until May 13, 1945 with the press agency of the acting German government of Admiral Dönitz. On May 23, 1945 all of its members were arrested. Ehlich avoided arrest. However in July 1945 British investigators finally caught up with him and other leaders of the former RSHA.
After the War
After leaving internment, Ehlich was again practising as a physician. In October 1948, he was further condemned as a member of the SS, defined at Nuremberg as being a criminal organization, and sentenced to one year and nine months in prison. Since the punishment was considered time already served, Ehlich could now finally establish himself in Braunschweig as a physician. Several preliminary investigations in the sixties did not lead to further prosecution. Ehlich worked and continued to live in Braunschweig, where he died on March 30, 1991.
- Michael Wildt: Generation des Unbedingten. Das Führungskorps des Reichssicherheitshauptamtes. Hamburger Edition HIS Verlagsges. mbH, 2002, ISBN 3-930908-75-1
- Helmut Krausnick/Hans-Heinrich Wilhelm: Die Truppe des Weltanschauungskrieges. Die Einsatzgruppen der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD 1938-1942. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart 1981, ISBN 3-421-01987-8