Hans Röttiger

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Hans Röttiger
Hans Röttiger.jpg
Röttiger in 1941
Born (1896-04-16)16 April 1896
Hamburg, German Empire
Died 15 April 1960(1960-04-15) (aged 63)
Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, West Germany
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)
 Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany (to 1945)
 West Germany
Service/branch

Heer (German Empire)
Reichsheer (Reichswehr)
Heer (Wehrmacht)

Heer (Bundeswehr)
Years of service 1914–45
1956–60
Rank General der Panzertruppe (Wehrmacht)
Generalleutnant (Bundeswehr)
Commands held Inspector of the Army
Battles/wars

World War I

World War II
Awards

Iron Cross
Hanseatic Cross
Wehrmacht Long Service Award

German Cross

Hans Röttiger (16 April 1896 – 15 April 1960) was a Panzer General in the German army during the Second World War and the first Chief of Staff of the German Army of the Bundeswehr.

Biography[edit]

Röttiger joined the Imperial German Army in 1914 and served from 1915 as a Leutnant in the 20th Artillery Regiment. After the First World War he served in the Reichswehr as a battery officer, adjutant, and battery chief. He then served as an officer on the General Staff of the Wehrmacht.

At the beginning of the Second World War Röttiger was an Oberstleutnant and he served as from 1939–1940 as the Chief of Operations for VI Corps. From 1940–1942 he was Chief of Staff of XXXXI Corps and was then appointed the Chief of Staff of the 4th Panzer Army on the Eastern Front, serving at Stalingrad. From 1943 to 1944 he was Chief of Staff of the 4th Army and then of Army Group A from 1944–1945 under Generaloberst Josef Harpe. He then became the Chief of Staff of Army Group C in Italy under Generalfeldmarschall Albert Kesselring. On 30 January 1945 he was promoted to General der Panzertruppe.

Röttiger was a prisoner of war of the British and Americans from the end of the war until 1948. In 1950 he was a participant at the meeting to discuss the establishment of a new German defence force; the result of the meeting was the Himmerod memorandum.

Röttiger was accepted into the Bundeswehr in 1956 at the rank of Generalleutnant. On 21 September 1957 he became the first Inspector of the Army and was instrumental in its early development.

Röttiger was diagnosed with cancer in the late 1950s and spent his last years undergoing treatment. In the morning of 15 April 1960 he died in office, one day before his 64th birthday.[1]

Awards[edit]

  • German Cross in Gold on 26 January 1942 as Oberst im Genearalstab of the XXXI Corps[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ General Röttiger gestorben [General Röttiger died]. In: Hamburger Abendblatt of 16 April 1960.
  2. ^ Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 388.

References[edit]

  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
New title Inspector of the Army
21 September 1957 – 15 April 1960
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Alfred Zerbel