Harald Trefall (10 November 1925 – March 2008) was a Norwegian professor of experimental physics and later politician. He graduated from and worked at the University of Bergen, where he focused his work on cosmic radiation, and held a Ph.D. from the University of Oslo. His political career started as a Bergen city councillor for the Progress Party in 1983, until he left the party in 1986 and finished his term as an independent. He worked within various anti-immigration organisations in the late 1980s, and founded the Fatherland Party in 1990. He was a Hordaland county councillor for this new party from 1991 to 1995.
Professional career and life
Trefall was born in Bergen on 10 November 1925. He graduated with a degree in mathematics and natural sciences at the University of Bergen in 1951, with an average of 1.21 or "exceptionally well". He became amanuensis at the same university in 1955, docent of physics in 1957, and was appointed professor of experimental physics from 1 April 1964. He obtained a Ph.D. from the University of Oslo in 1961 for six dissertations concerning topics within cosmic radiation. His initial academic area was cosmic radiation, but in 1962 he started researching X-ray phenomena brought forth by electron bombardment of the upper atmosphere in the zone of the polar aurora. He became internationally known for his balloon experiments at the Physics Institute at the University of Bergen, and initiated a cooperation with the Max Planck Institute of West Germany in the early 1960s. He retired as professor in 1995. Trefall died 82 years old in March 2008.
Trefall started his political career in the 1983 local elections when he was elected as a city councillor for the Progress Party in Bergen. He left the party in 1986 because he thought that it no longer followed its own political program, and claimed that he finished his term by only representing the party's program, rather than its party group. He believed that the party really wanted to open the borders, and that its policy thus was too liberal with regards to immigration. Trefall was one of the founders of Folkebevegelsen mot innvandring (FMI) in 1987. For the 1989 parliamentary election, he headed the list of the Stop Immigration party in Hordaland. He founded the Fatherland Party in 1990, and was elected as a Hordaland county councillor following the 1991 local elections. In 1993, he was part of a common Scandinavian meeting of immigration opponents in Oslo, where notably Denmark's Mogens Glistrup was harassed and beaten up by youth from the Blitz movement and SOS Rasisme.
Trefall's main political concern was the recent immigration to Norway. He saw the new ethnic groups as a threat to the homogenous Norwegian society, and believed that it would be devastating for the country in the long term. His solution for helping those in need, was to support them in local refugee camps, rather than letting them come to Norway. While he confirmed the equality of all humans, he believed that each country's citizens should be given special rights in relations to migrants.
He was also opposed to the-then European Economic Community, which he believed would eventually crumble like the Soviet Union. He thought that the principle of open borders would destroy the common fellowship between the countries. In 2001 he argued that the call by Lars Sponheim for increased work-based immigration to Norway was akin to the "slave-owner ideology" of former societies such as the import of slaves from Africa to the Southern United States. He also argued that it was racism when Thorbjørn Jagland promoted immigration in order for the immigrants to take the "dirty jobs" Norwegians don't want. He also considered that the immigrants in turn would soon become just as discerning as the Norwegians, and that it in turn would require a continuous increase of immigration.
- "Professor Harald Trefall fyller 50 år". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). 11 November 1975. p. 10. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "Embetseksamen med innstilling Bergen". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Bergen. 20 June 1951. p. 2. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "Trefall professor i eksperimentell fysikk". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). 11 April 1964. p. 12. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "75 år". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). 10 November 2000. p. 11. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- Marøy, Lars Bjarne (31 March 2008). "Det er med sorg eg konstaterar". Bergens Tidende (in Norwegian). p. 4.
- "Professor med meninger". Bergens Tidende (in Norwegian). 10 November 1995. p. 30.
- "Utmelding fra Bergen Fremskrittsparti". Norwegian News Agency (in Norwegian). 15 April 1986.
- Indrøy, Rune (9 November 1990). "- Landenes borgere må gis særrettigheter". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 10. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "Folkeaksjonen mot innvandring er stiftet". Norwegian News Agency (in Norwegian). Haugesund. 4 October 1987.
- Olsen, Kurt-Johnny (24 September 1988). "Partiet Stopp Innvandringen vil inn på Stortinget: Kjentfolk stiller ved 89-valg". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 8. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "Fedrelandspartiet på fylkestinget". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). 13 September 1991. p. 49. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- Johannessen, Arild S. (25 October 1993). "Innvandringsmotstandere jaget". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 3. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- Olsen, Bjørn (9 November 1987). "Flyktningdebatt uten rabalder". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 60. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- Trefall, Harald (14 August 2001). "Slaveholder-ideologi". Bergens Tidende (in Norwegian). Retrieved 21 May 2011.