Harold Rubens (1918–2010) was a Welsh pianist and anti-apartheid activist.
Born in 1918 in Cardiff, Wales, the son of Eli and Molly Reuben, practising Orthodox Jews of Latvian origin. Harold was the eldest of four siblings, all of whom were musical. By the age of 10, Harold was winning piano prizes and performing with, for example, the Scottish Symphony Orchestra under George Szell.
At the age of seven having, according to his sister Bernice Rubens, “exhausted all the local teachers”, Harold began travelling to London to study with Madame Maria Levinskaya. Bernice, a Booker Prize-winning novelist, would use his study with Madame Levinskaya as the subject of her book, Madame Sousatzka, which subsequently became a film with Shirley MacLaine in the title role.
Rubens' performing skills were diminished by illness, after which he concentrated on teaching.
After a stay in the US, Rubens moved to South Africa in the 1950s and become involved in the Anti-Apartheid Movement. While teaching at the College of Music in Cape Town, he was the first musician to refuse to play to segregated audiences; during the ANC Treason Trial he played high-profile concerts to raise money for ANC defendants; and his home in Newlands became a meeting place for other movement members, including Nelson Mandela and Albie Sachs, who recalled:
We were meeting in the underground in their cottage in Newlands. We would hear him practising the fourth Beethoven piano concerto, going over it and over and over again while we were doing our secret planning in the room next door. Happily the music was very loud, and if there were any bugs, all the security police would hear would be Beethoven and not us planning resistance to apartheid.
- Flynn, Jessica (4 May 2010). "Tributes paid to piano great Harold Rubens". South Wales Echo. Cardiff. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- Morgan, Sion (10 December 2013). "The Welsh pianist who hid Nelson Mandela's plans of activism". South Wales Echo. Cardiff. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- Stuckey, Karyn (19 July 2010). "A child prodigy and the inspiration for a novel". Out of the Box. London School of Economics. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014.
- Watts, Janet (14 October 2004). "Bernice Rubens (obituary)". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- "News from Abroad - Jews and Apartheid" (PDF). ARJ Information. Association of Jewish Refugees in Great Britain. October 1963. p. 4. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- Lebrecht, Norman (6 December 2013). "Nelson Mandela's classical pianist". Archived from the original on 11 December 2014.
- "John Humphreys, Piano Tutor". Royal Birmingham Conservatoire. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014.