Harold S. Koplewicz
Harold Samuel Koplewicz (born January 12, 1953) is a New York City-based psychiatrist. He is the medical director of a medical clinic, president of a foundation he launched in 2009, director in two development-stage pharmaceutical and medical device companies, and editor-in-chief of a journal of psychopharmacology.
Koplewicz completed his Bachelor of Science in psychology at the University of Maryland, College Park in 1973 and his medical degree from the Bronx's Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University in 1978. He completed a pediatrics internship at the Einstein-affiliated Bronx Municipal Hospital Center (1978–79), a residency in psychiatry at the New York Hospital-Westchester Division, White Plains, New York (1979-1981), and a fellowship in child psychiatry at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center (1981-1983). He was director of general residency training in child psychiatry (1985–86); and a NIMH research fellowship at New York State Psychiatric Institute (NYSPI) (1983-1985). He is Board Certified in Psychiatry (since 1983) and Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
Following the completion of his medical residencies and fellowship in the 1980s, Koplewicz became the chief of child and adolescent psychiatry at the Long Island Jewish Medical Center, the primary teaching hospital for the medical school of Yeshiva University (YU) from which he had graduated in the Bronx.
In the mid 1990s he joined NYU Langone Medical Center where he was vice chair of department of psychiatry (1996-); director of division of child and adolescent psychiatry (1996-); senior vice president & vice dean for external affairs (1997-); and professor of clinical psychiatry at the School of Medicine (1996-). In 1997 he helped found and served as the first director of the NYU Child Study Center (CSC), a position he held until he left NYU in October 2009. He received a severance package in excess of $1.2 million.
Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research and other roles
In May 2006, New York Governor Pataki and his Commissioner of the New York State Office of Mental Health appointed Koplewicz the Executive Director of the Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research (NKI). NKI is a New York State-funded research institute located in Orangeburg, New York and is known for its psychiatric research, especially in the areas of psychopharmacological treatments for schizophrenia and major mood disorders, and in the application of computer technology to mental health services. His employment at NKI was terminated in January 2011 by State Commissioner of Mental Health Michael F. Hogan.
Koplewicz has served as a member of the National Board of Medical Examiners, a Commissioner on the New York Commission for the Study of Youth Crime and Violence and Reform of the Juvenile Justice System (1994), and has been Editor-in-Chief and contributing author of Mary Ann Liebert's “Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology” since 1997.
Koplewicz also holds executive board positions in two pharmaceutical and health technologies companies. In February 2007 he was appointed Chairman of the Board in February 2007 of New York City's Delcath Systems, a development-stage, specialty pharmaceutical and medical device company focused on oncology, where he had served as director since September 2006. In June 2011, he joined the Board of Directors at Biosign Technologies (TSX: BIO), a Canadian medical device company specializing in health monitoring.
Child Mind Institute
After leaving NYU in 2009 Koplewicz started the Child Mind Institute. Two CSC board members left with Koplewicz to serve as co-chairs of his new board of directors. Originally called the Child Study Center Foundation, the new organization had a similar name and mission to the existing NYU CSC institute, changed its name in 2010 to the Child Mind Institute (CMI). Similar to the NYU CSC mission, CMI's stated goal is to help improve the lives of children through integrating evidence-based clinical care, collaborative scientific research, information and resources, and advocacy.
Koplewicz serves as the medical director of the clinic, president of the foundation, and practices on a limited basis.
Koplewicz is perhaps best known for his public advocacy of increased usage of psychotropic medications for children diagnosed with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Responding to concerns about over-medication and the commercialization of psychotropic medicines, Koplewicz has argued that "no studies have examined the effect of long-term use" of ADHD meds, but they "have been in use for 70 years, and there is no evidence that suggests any adverse effects."
Paxil Study 329 Controversy
In 2001 Koplewicz was one of 22 co-authors of a study referred to as study 329, a drug trial sponsored by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), that looked at the safety of the use of psychotropic antidepressant drug Paxil (Paroxetine) and concluded that Paxil "is generally well-tolerated and effective for major depression in adolescents" (p. 762). The report and conclusions were then used by GSK to market the drug to children. In October 2011 the company was sued by the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) for false claims and for a fraudulent scheme to deceive and defraud, and charged that the company for touted the study 329 and journal article "that it paid to have drafted and that exaggerated Paxil's efficacy while downplaying risks identified in one of the trials." In the summer of 2012 GSK settled the lawsuit with the DOJ for a record $3 billion (and more recently the State of North Carolina for $32 million).
Publications and awards
Koplewicz has edited orauthored more than 65 peer-reviewed articles and chapters on child and adolescent psychiatry. He is also the editor, author or contributor to several books, including the textbook Depression in Children and Adolescents (Hardwood, 1993); It's Nobody's Fault: New Hope and Help for Difficult Children and their Parents; Childhood Revealed: Art Expressing Pain, Discovery & Hope; Turbulent Times, Prophetic Dreams: Art of Palestinian and Israeli Children (2000); More Than Moody: Recognizing and Treating Adolescent Depression; and The Day Our World Changed: Children's Art of 9/11.
He has received a number of industry awards, including the 1997 Exemplary Psychiatrist Award from the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill, the 1998 Reiger Service Award from the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in recognition of his work in the development of school-based mental health programs, the 1999 Humanitarian Award from Marymount Manhattan College, the 2000 American Grand Hope Award from the Aprica Childcare Institute, the 2002 Catcher in the Rye Award from the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, the 2007 Irving Philips Award for Prevention, the 2009 American Psychiatric Association McAlpin Award for lifetime contributions to child psychiatry, and the 2010 American Society for Adolescent Psychiatry William Schonfeld Award.
- Child and adolescent psychiatry
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder controversies
- Biopsychiatry controversy
- "Are ADHD Medications Overprescribed? - WSJ.com". Online.wsj.com. 2012-09-14. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- "Delcath – Board of Directors". Delcath.com. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- "Full text of "Commencement program : ... commencement, University of Maryland, College Park Campus"". Archive.org. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- "Castle Connolly Medical Ltd". Castleconnolly.com. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- Ellin, Abby (2011-06-03). "When a Child's Anxieties Need Sorting". The New York Times.
- LINDA TAGLIAFERROPublished: June 16, 1996 (1996-06-16). "Long Island Q & A: Dr. Harold S. Koplewicz;Helping to Combat Child and Adolescent Mental Disorders - New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- Kaminer, Ariel (2013-03-03). "N.Y.U. Gives Lavish Parting Gifts to Some Star Officials". The New York Times.
- Confessore, Nicholas (2011-02-23). "Cuomo Adviser Takes Pay From Health Industry". New York Times. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- "Harold Koplewicz". Forbes. 2012-04-18. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- "Harold S Koplewicz (Delcath Systems, Inc.) - PassFail". Uk.passfail.com. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- "Delcath names Koplewicz chairman Delcath DCTH". Advfn.com. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- Kaplan, Don (2011-01-31). "NYU policy targets former top child psychologist Dr. Harold S. Koplewicz's Child Mind Center". NYPOST.com. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- "About Us | Child Mind Institute". Childmind.org. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- "Annual Report | Child Mind Institute". Childmind.org. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- Vedantam, Shankar (2009-03-27). "Debate Over Drugs For ADHD Reignites". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- Keller, MB; Ryan, ND; Strober, M; et al. (2012-10-19). "Efficacy of paroxetine in the treatment of adolescent major depression: a randomized, controlled trial". J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 40: 762–72. PMID 11437014. doi:10.1097/00004583-200107000-00010.
- "Clinical trials and drug promotion: Selective reporting of study 329 - The International Journal of Risk and Safety in Medicine - Volume 20, Number 1-2 / 2008 - IOS Press". Iospress.metapress.com. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- "Thompson & Tredennick GSK Receives Criticism for Handling of Paxil Study". Ttlaw.com. 2012-09-18. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- "Delcath Systems, Inc. - Harold Koplewicz, MD-new Board member - DCTH". InvestorVillage. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- S., Koplewicz, Harold. It's nobody's fault : new hope and help for difficult children and their parents. Three Rivers Press. ISBN 9780812929218. OCLC 58540289.
- S., Koplewicz, Harold; F., Goodman, Robin; D., Rosen, Margery (1999). Childhood revealed : art expressing pain, discovery & hope. H.N. Abrams. ISBN 9780810941014. OCLC 749171278.
- C., Furman, Gail; F., Goodman, Robin (2000). Turbulent times, prophetic dreams : art from Israeli and Palestinian children. Devora Pub. ISBN 9781930143098. OCLC 45501112.
- S., Koplewicz, Harold (2002). More than moody : recognizing and treating adolescent depression. G.P. Putnam's Sons. ISBN 9780399149184. OCLC 472864187.
- Andrea., Henderson,; Center., New York University. Child Study; York., Museum of the City of New (2002). The day our world changed : children's art of 9/11. Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 9780810935440. OCLC 682180408.