Harry Scott Thornicroft

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Harry Scott Thornicroft (on the right)

Henry Scott Thornicroft, nicknamed "Dongolosi"[1](16 January 1868[2] – 19 March 1944)[3] was a British Native Commissioner in Petauke, in North-Western Rhodesia and later Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) for 17 years[1][4] and later a Justice of the Peace in Fort Jameson (now Chipata).[3]

Thornicroft was born in St Pancras, London,[5] the son of coal merchant Thomas Thornicroft and his wife, Matilda.[6] In Rhodesia, Harry Thornicroft married a local woman and had 11 children,[4] including Gaston Thornicroft, later a leader of the coloured community.[7] Thornicroft's Giraffe, a subspecies of giraffe endemic to the Luangwa Valley, is named after him, from a specimen which he had shot and sent to the Natural History Museum, London, where it was displayed.[1][4][8]

He died in Northern Rhodesia.[9]


  1. ^ a b c "Truly Zambian". The Lowdown. October 2004. Archived from the original on 9 November 2004. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  2. ^ London, England, Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1917
  3. ^ a b Who's who of Southern Africa. K. Donaldson. 1937. p. 236. 
  4. ^ a b c McCarthy, Michael (2010-03-04). Say Goodbye to the Cuckoo. John Murray. p. 42. ISBN 9781848543829. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  5. ^ England & Wales, Civil Registration Birth Index, 1837-1915
  6. ^ 1871 England Census
  7. ^ Macmillan, Hugh (December 2000). "Book review". Journal of Southern African Studies. Taylor & Francis. 26 (4 Special Issue: African Environments: Past and Present): 863–865. JSTOR 2637576. 
  8. ^ Chituta, Diana (1985). "Giraffa camelopardalis thornicrofti". Black Lechwe. Wild Life Conservation Society of Zambia (9): 29–35. 
  9. ^ England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1966, 1973-1995