Harvey Seeley Mudd
|Harvey Seeley Mudd|
Leadville, Colorado, U.S.
|Died||12 April 1955
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery, Glendale, California|
|Other names||Harvey Mudd|
|Known for||eponym of Harvey Mudd College|
|Children||Henry T. Mudd
Caryll Mudd Sprague
|Parent(s)||Seeley W. Mudd
Della Mullock Mudd
|Relatives||Norman F. Sprague, Jr. (son-in-law)
Seeley G. Mudd (brother)
Victoria Nebeker Coberly (daughter-in-law)
Harvey Seeley Mudd (1888 – 12 April 1955) was a mining engineer and founder, investor, and president of Cyprus Mines Corporation, a Los Angeles–based international enterprise that operated copper mines on the island of Cyprus. The science and engineering college Harvey Mudd College was named in memory of him. He was also a vice president of the Board of Trustees for the California Institute of Technology.
Harvey Mudd was born in Leadville, Colorado, in 1888. Mudd's father, Colonel Seeley W. Mudd, was the manager of the Small Hopes silver mine in Leadville. Mudd's mother was Della Mullock Mudd.
Harvey Mudd had a younger brother, Seeley G. Mudd (1895–1968), who became a physician and cancer researcher at the California Institute of Technology. Seeley G. Mudd was later professor and dean at the School of Medicine at the University of Southern California.
Mudd and his father founded the Cyprus Mines Corporation in 1916. The Los Angeles–based enterprise started with development of the copper mines on the island of Cyprus.
In ancient times, Cyprus was famous for its copper (the Greek word for Cyprus is Kupros, which means copper). However, at the time the Mudds began the Cyprus Mines Corp., copper had not been mined on Cyprus for almost 1500 years. With the backing of Colonel Seeley Mudd, geologist Charles Godfrey Gunther began a long and finally successful search for new copper on Cyprus. However, twenty years passed before the Cyprus Mines Corp. paid its first dividends in 1936.
In 1918, Mudd became president of Cyprus Mines Corporation. Mudd became chairman of Cyprus Mines in 1926 when his father died. As head of Cyprus Mines, Harvey Mudd developed and managed copper mines in the Mediterranean, as well as an iron mine in Peru and oil properties in the United States.
At the time of Harvey Mudd's death in 1955, the company's copper mines on Cyprus had become the island's largest industry, exporting nearly a million tons of copper a year. Mudd's copper mines on Cyprus supported 2,000 of the island's inhabitants and provided more than 25 percent of the island's entire annual revenue. Cyprus Mines paid its employees 15–20 percent above the island average. The company ran an up-to-date, 65-bed hospital for its employees, built scores of low-cost houses for them to live in, and helped to run schools, sports clubs, welfare centers, and summer camps for their families.
Mudd served as president of the American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers in 1945. In 1949, the Columbia University Engineering School Alumni Association awarded him its Egleston Medal for distinguished engineering achievement.
Harvey Mudd's wife was Mildred E. Mudd (1891–1958). They had two children: Henry T. Mudd (1913–1990) and Caryll Mudd Sprague (1914–1978). Caryll Mudd's husband was Norman F. Sprague, Jr. (1914–1997), a medical doctor. Henry Mudd succeeded his father as head of the Cyprus Mines Corporation.
In 1939, Time magazine described Mildred Mudd as "Tall, dark, [and] slender." Time further described Mrs. Mudd as "a typical society matron, noted for her large & lavish parties, her charitable activities, [and] her ancient Roman jewelry (dug up in Cyprus)." Mildred Mudd became involved with the Girl Scouts in 1934 at the recommendation of Lou Henry Hoover, the wife of former U.S. President Herbert Hoover. In the next five years, Mildred Mudd was able to double the Girl Scout enrollment in Los Angeles. Mildred Mudd served as the national president of the Girl Scouts 1939–1941.
Harvey Mudd lived in Beverly Hills on Benedict Canyon Drive. The Tudor style residence was designed for Charles Boldt, owner of the Ohio based Boldt Glass Co. that produced the popular Mason jars, by architect Elmer Grey in 1922. The residence is on an acre of land with seven bedrooms and a swimming pool. In 2008, the house was listed for sale at a price of $11.495 million. The historic property is known as the Harvey Mudd Estate. As of October 2013, this house is for sale again, asking price is $19.99 million.
At the time of Mudd's death, he was Chairman of the Board of the Southern California Symphony Association, the Welfare Federation of Los Angeles, and Greater Los Angeles Plans, Inc. He was a trustee and former president of the Southwest Museum, a member of the Board of Governors of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and member of the advisory committee of the Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery. He was also Chairman of the Board of Fellows of Claremont College.
As Chairman of the Southern California Symphony Association, Mudd is credited with saving the Los Angeles Philharmonic. Fellow copper baron William Andrews Clark, Jr. had founded the Philharmonic in 1919, but he had exhausted his fortune supporting the orchestra. To oversee the Philharmonic, the Southern California Symphony Association was created in 1933 with Mudd as chairman. Mudd personally guaranteed the salary of conductor Otto Klemperer. Mudd led fundraising efforts to enable the Philharmonic to continue performing through the Great Depression. Mudd is also credited with starting the Philharmonic's tradition of taking the stuffiness out of high culture.
He was initiated as an honorary member of the Beta Psi chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, the national fraternity for men in music, in 1941.
Mudd became a member of the Board of Trustees for the California Institute of Technology in 1929. He served on both the finance committee and the executive committee. He later served as Vice President of the Board of Trustees.
In 1954, Caltech faculty member Linus Pauling, upon winning the Nobel Prize in chemistry, sent Mudd a letter thanking Mudd and the Caltech Board of Trustees for "providing here an atmosphere, second to none in the world, that is favorable to research."
Two geology buildings at Caltech are named for Harvey Mudd's family: the Seeley G. Mudd Building (South Mudd) is named for his brother, and the Seeley W. Mudd Laboratory (North Mudd) is named for their father.
Harvey Mudd College
Mudd had a particular interest in The Claremont Colleges in Claremont, California. He served as Chairman of the Board of Fellows of Claremont College, now The Claremont Graduate University and University Center, for a quarter of a century. Harvey Mudd helped in the founding of Claremont McKenna College in 1945. He helped to plan Claremont's new undergraduate college of science and engineering that was chartered in 1955, shortly after his death.
After Harvey Mudd's death in 1955, his friends proposed to his widow, Mildred Mudd, that the planned college be named for Harvey Mudd. She agreed, and helped support the founding. The new college was founded later that year. Harvey Mudd College would award degrees in science and engineering, but require a breadth of understanding in the humanities and the social sciences.
Harvey Mudd's widow and family contributed $2 million to endow Harvey Mudd College.
- Lavender, David (1962). The story of the Cyprus Mines Corporation. San Marino, CA: Huntington Library. LCCN 61-14054.
- Caltech, C.I.T. News
- Nancy M. Shader and Christopher Shannon, "Who was Seeley G. Mudd?" Princeton University.
- Harvey Mudd Obituary, Caltech Engineering and Science, Volume 18:8, May 1955
- Mining Hall of Fame
- Harvey Mudd College History
- "CYPRUS: Copper Island". Time, March 12, 1956.
- Joseph B. Platt, Commencement Address at Harvey Mudd College, June 1, 2006
- American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers website
- Mudd family grave marker at Findagrave.com
- Time Magazine, Nov 6, 1939.
- Time magazine, Sep. 8, 1958
- Stephanie L. Graham "Mildred Mudd's Legacy," Harvey Mudd College Magazine, Fall 2005
- Lockhart, Bill (March–April 2007), "the Charles Boldt Glass Co" (PDF), Bottles and Extras (sha.org) Check date values in:
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- Deidre Woollard "The Harvey Mudd Estate" Oct 2008
- Mark Swed, "The Salonen-Gehry axis," Los Angeles Times, Aug. 31, 2003
- Letter from Linus Pauling to Harvey Mudd, Nov. 30, 1954
- Barclay Kamb, "Geophysics and Planetary Science at Caltech," Oct–Nov 1974
- "Education: The Rise of Harvey Mudd," Time magazine, Sep. 8, 1958