Hatzerim

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Hatzerim
חֲצֵרִים
Hatdar ochel.jpg
Hatzerim is located in Israel
Hatzerim
Hatzerim
Coordinates: 31°14′25.44″N 34°42′50.76″E / 31.2404000°N 34.7141000°E / 31.2404000; 34.7141000Coordinates: 31°14′25.44″N 34°42′50.76″E / 31.2404000°N 34.7141000°E / 31.2404000; 34.7141000
District Southern
Council Bnei Shimon
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded October 1946
Founded by Israeli Scouts
Population (2014)[1] 771
Name meaning Farmyards
Website www.hatzerim.org.il

Hatzerim (Hebrew: חֲצֵרִים, lit. Farmyards) is a kibbutz located 8 kilometers west of Beersheba in the Negev desert in Israel. It is named after the Bible (Deuteronomy 2:23),[2] mentioning a site nearby: "the Avvites who lived in farmyards as far as Gaza". It belongs to the Bnei Shimon Regional Council. In 2014 it had a population of 771.

History[edit]

Established in October 1946 by a young group of scouts then later joined by refugees from Iran who were referred to as “The Children of Tehran”. They then learned agriculture and military training becoming part of the Haganah ground forces. In the 1960s the Hatzerim Airbase was built nearby.

Netafim[edit]

Netafim offices at Hatzerim.

Hatzerim was one of the first kibbutzim (pl.) to break the mould from traditional agriculture and start a business. Netafim is the kibbutz business that started in 1965, that designs, manufactures and distributes irrigation systems. The business is also run with two other kibbutzim, Magal and Yiftach. There are also factories around the world, California, USA, South Africa, Western Australia and more. Netafim soon became a world leader in their field as a multinational corporation that grosses over $300 million a year.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Localities File 2014". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2015. 
  2. ^ Carta's Official Guide to Israel and Complete Gazetteer to all Sites in the Holy Land. (3rd edition 1993) Jerusalem, Carta, p.192f , ISBN 965-220-186-3 (English)
  3. ^ Professor Roger Hayter. "Dynamics of Industrial Location - A Kibbutz-based MNC.". Simon Fraser University (sfu.ca). 

Further reading[edit]

  • Gavron, Daniel. The Kibbutz: Awakening from Utopia. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000.

External links[edit]

31°14′25.44″N 34°42′50.76″E / 31.2404000°N 34.7141000°E / 31.2404000; 34.7141000