Sir Hector Og Maclean, 15th Chief

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Sir Hector Og MacLean of Duart, 15th Clan Chief
Maclean of Duart and Morven arms (2) alternative.svg
15th Clan Chief
11th Laird of Duart
Preceded by Lachlan Mor Maclean, 14th Chief, father
Succeeded by Hector Mor Maclean of Dowart, 16th Clan Chief, son
Personal details
Born Hector Og MacLean
1583
Died 1623 (age 40)
Spouse(s) Janet Mackenzie of Kintail
Isabella Acheson of Gosford
Children Hector Mor Maclean of Dowart, 16th Clan Chief
Lachlan Maclean of Morvaren, 17th Clan Chief
Donald MacLean, 1st Laird of Brolas
Sir John Maclean, 1st Baronet
Parents Sir Lachlan Mor Maclean
Residence Duart Castle on the Isle of Mull

Sir Hector Og Maclean (1583–1623), or Eachann Óg Maclean in Scottish Gaelic, was the 15th Clan Chief of Clan Maclean in Scotland.[2]

Early years[edit]

He was born in 1583, the son of Sir Lachlan Mor Maclean the 14th Clan Chief.[2][3] His father, Sir Lachlan, was killed in the Battle of Traigh Ghruinneart. Hector, then twenty years old, was then made Chief of Clan Maclean. His first act was to retaliate against Clan MacDonald for the death of his father.[2]

Battle of Benbigrie[edit]

He obtained a commission of fire and sword against the MacDonalds of Islay, and summoned the Chief of the Clan Mackinnon, MacLeod of Dunvegan, and MacNeil of Barra to his assistance in 1598 at the Battle of Benbigrie.

The Chief of the Camerons of Lochiel joined this force with his clan. The united clans, fully equipped, proceeded to Islay. Sir James MacDonald, 9th of Dunnyveg, in anticipation of this movement on the part of the young Lord of Duard, mustered together the whole gathering of Islay and Kintyre, and prepared himself for a conflict which he had reason to believe would be of a sanguinary nature. The hostile parties met at a place called Benbigrie, and as neither felt disposed to offer nor to accept terms, the result was an immediate battle. The followers of the Chief of Clan MacLean, upon this occasion, considerably outnumbered the MacDonalds; but Sir James MacDonald, 9th of Dunnyveg, well aware that he need hope for no reconciliation with his enraged kinsman, told his followers that in a resolute resistance alone existed any hope of safety to themselves or of protection to their homes. The MacDonalds, goaded to desperation by a knowledge of these facts, fought with uncontrollable fury, and it was not until the heights of Benbigrie were covered with their slain, and their chief carried off the field dangerously wounded, that their assailants succeeded in routing them. Overwhelmed by numbers the unfortunate MacDonalds were at length obliged to give way and fly in the utmost confusion, not knowing whither, neither mountain nor valley afforded them shelter from their victorious pursuers. A few, however, carrying with them their wounded chief, made their way to Kintyre, leaving Islay a prey to the ruthless invaders.[2]

For three days the allied clans pursued the work of destruction with remorseless barbarity throughout the island. Every human habitation was burned to the ground; and the poor inhabitants were left to seek their only shelter in caves and clefts of rocks among the mountains, without fuel and without food. The career of the merciless victors only ceased when the work of destruction was complete. The Chief of the Camerons of Lochiel had the satisfaction of taking Hector MacLean of Lochbuie, 9th Chief, who aided the MacDonalds against his own chief, with several of his followers, prisoners of war, and detained them in chains for six months. Hector MacLean of Lochbuy, however, soon after had ample opportunity of being even with the Chief of the Camerons of Lochiel. Of all the conflicts between these two clans, this, the last, was the most sanguinary and destructive. The MacLeans and their confederates no doubt felt themselves justified in executing signal vengeance upon their enemies, for the treachery displayed during the Battle of Traigh Ghruinneart, and the loss there of so distinguished a chief. They were also forced to make the destruction as complete as possible, for the conduct of Sir James MacDonald, 9th of Dunnyveg had made him popular with his clan, and his actions had met their approval. However deplorable may have been the loss of life, and the sufferings endured by the innocent and helpless, the result was to put a final and effectual end to the struggle between the contending clans. Ever after the Battle of Benbigrie the MacLeans and MacDonalds laid aside their animosities, and lived on the happiest terms of friendship and reciprocal good will. In the year 1599, James VI of Scotland, finding the Royal Exchequer still in a depleted condition, again turned his eyes toward the Western Isles, and decided that the chiefs should be mulcted in a sufficient amount to meet his demands, so he appointed a new commission of lieutenandry over the whole Isles and Highlands of Inverness-shire, which was granted to the Ludovic Stewart, 2nd Duke of Lennox and George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly, the latter having been recently restored to favor. Although the official document, which sets forth the reasons for the action of the king, gives a shocking picture of the Islesmen, yet this clause establishes the true import of the commission: "And besides all their other crimes, they rebelliously withhold from his Majesty a great part of the patrimony and proper rent of the crown, deprive the country of the benefit which might redound thereto, by the trade of fishing, and of other commodities which these bounds render." And now, at last, a great part of them have banded, conspired, and daily practice, by force and policy, in their barbarous and rebellious form, to disappoint his Majesty's service in the Lewis. As to the extent which this lieutenandry was acted upon is now uncertain. It is positive, however, that as a matter of justice, but little was due the crown from rents, and the amount demanded was beyond the ability of the chiefs to meet. In 1601, another commission of lieutenandry was granted to the same parties; the South of Argyleshire Isles included under the immediate charge of Lennox. These lieutenants were charged to assist certain colonists who would be better able greatly to augment the king's rents. Power was given them to use force and pursue the Islesmen with fire and sword. Rewards were offered these commissioners for the faithful performance of the duty assigned to them.[2]

Forfeiture of his estates[edit]

Acting upon his authority, the George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly, who had charge of the northern districts, summoned a convention of estates, to meet at Stirling, Scotland within a given period, under a penalty of forfeiture against an absentee, but many of the northern chiefs, from the distance they had to travel, and the limited period allowed for their appearance, were unable to be in attendance on the day appointed. As Hector Og Maclean owned the lands of Garbhghambluch, in Lochaber, he started at once for Stirling. On arriving there, he met George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly on the street early on the morning that his name was to be called. After George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly had saluted him, MacLean asked him if he thought he would have time to change his clothes before the roll would be called. Huntly answered he had plenty of time. On repairing to his lodging, Hector learned the convention was in session, and immediately hurried to the assembly, and on arriving there found his name had been called. On parting with Hector in the street, Huntly went direct to the convention, and determined at once to put in execution the threat he had uttered against Sir Lachlan Mor Maclean, on account of the latter's proposal to bring George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly dead or alive, the night after the Battle of Glenlivat; so he ordered MacLean's name called at once, and as the latter was not present, Huntly immediately applied for the forfeit, procured it, and is still in the possession of it. All the friends and interest that Hector could make, or bring to bear on the king, were never able to reverse the sentence, as Huntly always made great opposition. Thus he felt himself amply revenged on the son of Sir Lachlan Mor Maclean.[2] Hector Og Maclean died in 1623.[2]

Marriage and children[edit]

Maclean's first marriage was to Janet Mackenzie of Kintail, the second daughter of Colin Cam Mackenzie of Kintail[1][2][4] They had two sons:

Maclean's second marriage was to Isabella Acheson of Gosford. She was the daughter of Sir Archibald Acheson, 1st Baronet.[2][4][6] They also had two sons:

Ancestry and descendants[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates text from A history of the clan Mac Lean from its first settlement at Duard Castle, in the Isle of Mull, to the present period: including a genealogical account of some of the principal families together with their heraldry, legends, superstitions, etc, by John Patterson MacLean, a publication from 1889 now in the public domain in the United States.

  1. ^ a b c d Scotland's Historic Heraldry. Boydell Press. ISBN 1-84383-261-5. A particularly interesting Scoto-Swedish family (Chart 20.4), whose members remained in touch with their Highland cousins, is that of MacLean or Macklier.... 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w John Patterson MacLean (1889). A History of the Clan MacLean from Its First Settlement at Duard Castle, in the Isle of Mull, to the Present Period: Including a Genealogical Account of Some of the Principal Families Together with Their Heraldry, Legends, Superstitions, Etc. R. Clarke & Co. On the death of Sir Hector MacLean, the title of baronet devolved upon Allan MacLean of Brolass. Sir Allan MacLean was fourth laird of Brolas, and a descendant of Donald, first laird, who was the first son of the second marriage of Hector Og, fifteenth chief of MacLean, and from his father acquired the lands in Brolass, Mull. Donald was at the battle of Inverkeithing with his chief, who was killed, and then became the tutor of Sir Allan, the nineteenth chieftain. Donald was married to Florence, daughter of John Garbh, seventh laird of Coll, by whom he had three sons, Lachlan, who succeeded him, Hector Mor and Hector Og, who married Janet, daughter of MacNeil of Barra. He left two sons, Donald, who died young, and John, married to Florence, daughter of Allan MacLean of Gormony, whose issue was Donald, a merchant in Glasgow, and Hector, a merchant in Jamaica. 
  3. ^ a b c "MacLean". Electric Scotland. Retrieved 2007-08-26. Sir Lachlan’s elder son, still another Hector Og, married a daughter of the eleventh chief of Kintail, and their son Lachlan was the first baronet of Duart. By a second marriage, with a daughter of Sir Archibald Acheson of Gosford, he had another son, Donald of Brolas, whose son Lauchlan became M.P. for Argyllshire, and whose descendants were to inherit the chiefship as sixth and successive baronets. ... This third cousin, Sir Allan Maclean, was great-grandson of Donald Maclean of Brolas, eldest son, by his second marriage, of Hector Maclean of Dowart, the father of the first baronet. Sir Allan married Anne, daughter of Hector Maclean of Coll, and had three daughters, the eldest of whom, Maria, became the wife of Maclean of Kinlochaline, and the second, Sibella, of Maclean of Inverscadell. In 1773, when Johnson and Boswell visited the Hebrides, Sir Allan was chief of the clan. He resided at that time on Inchkenneth, one of his smaller islands, in the district of Mull, where he entertained his visitors very hospitably. ... Dying without make issue in 1783, Sir Allan was succeeded by his kinsman, Sir Hector, 7th baronet; on whose death, Nov.2d, 1818, his brother, Lieutenant-general Sir Fitzroy Jefferies Grafton Maclean of Morvern, and Donald Maclean of the chancery bar. Sir Charles, 9th baronet, married a daughter of the Hon and Rev Jacob Marsham, uncle of the Earl of Romney, and has issue, a son, Fitzroy Donald, major 13th dragoons, and four daughters, one of whom, Louisa, became the wife of Hon Ralph Pelham Neville, son of the Earl of Abergavenny. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Genealogical Collections Concerning Families in Scotland. 1900. He married first the 2d daughter of Colin Mackenzie of Kintail, predecessor of the present Earl of Seaforth, by whom he had Eachin Mor his eldest Son, who succeeded him, and Lauchlan, who also succeeded him. He married again a daughter of Atcheson of Gosefoord, by whom he had Donald, of whom Brolos is descended and John Duidh. 
  5. ^ a b c James Noël MacKenzie MacLean (1954). Clan Gillean (the MacLeans). Clan Maclean Association. 
  6. ^ a b Sources list her as the daughter of Sir Archibald Acheson, 1st Baronet, but because of her age, she may have been the daughter of Captain Patrick Acheson. If she was roughly the same age as Hector Og Maclean, she would have been born in 1585. If she was the daughter of Sir Archibald Acheson she would be born no earlier than 1610 and would have been at least 20 years younger than Hector Og Maclean. This would make her the same age as her own children.
  7. ^ a b Steve Murdoch (2006). Network North. ISBN 90-04-14664-4. Given the established pedigree of John Maclean as a son of Hector Maclean the 5th Baron of Duart and his second wife Isabella Acheson, this relationship is ... 
  8. ^ a b Steve Murdoch (2000). Britain, Denmark-Norway and the House of Stuart, 1603-1660. Tuckwell Press. ISBN 1-86232-182-5. Scotsman frequently acted in senior positions in the Gothenburg trade council and counted among their number John Maclean, son of Hector MacLean, fifth Baron of Duart. 
  9. ^ a b Michael Lynch (2001). The Oxford Companion to Scottish History. ... the son of Hector MacLean, fifth baron of Duart. A Swedish parliamentarian and town councillor, his sons effectively controlled the town until the close of the century. ... 
  10. ^ MacLean, John Patterson (1889). A History of the Clan MacLean from Its First Settlement at Duard Castle, in the Isle of Mull, to the Present Period: Including a Genealogical Account of Some of the Principal Families Together with Their Heraldry, Legends, Superstitions, Etc. R. Clarke & Company. Hector Mor was succeeded by his brother Lachlan, seventeenth chieftain, and first baronet, who came into possession under the most favorable circumstances. The clan had long been at peace, all its forces well recruited and just as loyal to its chief as at any time in its previous history. Lachlan had power and influence sufficient to guard him against open attack from any enemy in his immediate neighborhood, possessing the favor of the king (Charles I.) as some security against treacherous misrepresentations at court, he had nothing to fear from open or secret enmity; and his irreconcilable foe, Archibald Campbell, who became eighth earl of Argyle in 1638 (although he enjoyed the estate for many years before, as his father had been proclaimed an outlaw), and afterward marquis, but known as Gillespie Gruamach (Archibald the morose), made many attempts to entrap him in his coils. This Argyle was by far the ablest of his family that has ever lived, and a man greatly to be feared. As he is a prominent figure in this period of Scotland's history, it will be of importance to give an estimate of his character, especially when it is considered what two successive chiefs of MacLean had to contend against. Browne says of him : " There is nothing in his conduct which can be justified by the impartial historian. Duplicity, cunning, cowardice, and avarice, were his characteristic traits. His zeal for religion and the covenant was a mere pretense 'to enable him to obtain that ascendancy among the covenanters which he acquired, and his affected patriotism was regulated entirely by his personal interests." Again: "Argyle's talents were more fitted for the intrigues of the cabinet than the tactics of the field." "A man equally supple and inflexible, cautious and determined, and entirely qualified to make a figure during a factious and turbulent period." "Argyle was the head of a party as well as the head of a tribe. Possessed of two different kinds of authority, he used each of them in such a way as to extend and fortify the other." This Argyle not only asserted the cause of Charles II., and placed the crown on his head (January 1, 1651), but afterward assisted in the ceremony of proclaiming Cromwell Protector, and signed an engagement to support the usurper's government. On the restoration of the monarchy, he again faced about and hastened to London to congratulate Charles on his success. When James Graham, the great Montrose, was led to execution, and while the people were weeping at the sight of fallen greatness and invoking the blessings of heaven upon the head of the illustrious ... Sir Lachlan MacLean was married to Mary, second daughter of Sir Roderick MacLeod of MacLeod, by whom he had issue two sons and three daughters. Hector, his heir and successor, and Allan. His daughter Isabella married Sir Ewen Cameron of Lochiel; Mary married Lachlan MacKinnon, and the youngest daughter, Marian, died young and unmarried. 
  11. ^ de la Caillemotte de Massue de Ruvigny, Melville Amadeus Henry Douglas Heddle (1904). The Jacobite Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Grants of Honour. John Cameron of Lochiel, eldest son and heir 1717 of the celebrated Sir Ewen Cameron of Lochiel, by his second wife, Isabel, daughter of Sir Lauchlan Maclean of Duart, first Baronet. 
  12. ^ http://www.clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info/genealogy/TNGWebsite/getperson.php?personID=I21345&tree=CC
  13. ^ http://macleanhistory.org/chiefs/sir-allan-maclean-22nd-chief
  14. ^ http://www.mcleanofcoll.com/6701.html
  15. ^ http://www.clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info/genealogy/TNGWebsite/getperson.php?personID=I35456&tree=CC
  16. ^ Steve Murdoch and Alexia Grosjean. "Jacob Maclean". Scotland, Scandinavia and Northern European Biographical Database. University of St Andrews. Jacob Maclean was the first son of John Maclean, 1st Baronet Duart [SSNE 1631] and his first wife Anna Gubbertz, and he was born in 1632. He became a student at Uppsala university on 9 May 1651. After 1660 he became a colonel in Stuart service and a gentleman of the bedchamber to the Stuart Court. ... 
  17. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. 2004. ISBN 0-19-861400-4. In 1651 he married Catherine Makeléer (b. 1637), the daughter of the Scottish merchant John Maclean (d. 1666), who was based at Göteborg and had become a ... He married James's wife's sister, Anna Gubbertz (d. 1653), in 1629 and had fifteen children with her, though only ten survived to adulthood. ... 
  18. ^ a b Alexia Grosjean and Steve Murdoch (2005). Scottish communities abroad in the early modern period. Lunetta married Colonel Joachim Cronman in 1657, while Elsa Beata married Major Marten Christensson till ... 
  19. ^ Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt. Karl XII's officerare: Biografiska anteckningar. 
  20. ^ Joakim was the son of Hans Detterman Cronman (1590-after1645) aka Lord Hans Detterman Nobil Cronman, of Liveland, Latvia; and Ursula Kordes (1600-1675). He had the following siblings: Johan Detterman Cronman (1618-?); Vilhelm Cronman (c1617-1656); Anna Catharine Cronman (1620-1688); Christina Cronman (c1625-1687) who married Joakim George Fredrick Von Rohr (c1625-1687) who died at Narva; Elisabeth Cronman (1630-1687); and Joakim Cronman (1638-?). Joakim married Lunetta Makeléer (1639-1693). Lunetta was the daughter of John Hans Makeléer who was a merchant in Sweden. Together they had the following children: Anna Catharina Cronman I (1658-1661) who married Frans Von Knorring; Ursula Cronman (1660-1745) who married Christoffer Fredrik Von Grothenhielm (1655-1705); Johan Cronman (1662-1737) who was killed in action; Anna Catharina Cronman II (1662-1685) who married Hans Christoffer Von Rohr I (1626-1700) who was killed in action in the Battle of Narva; and Hedvik Elisabeth Cronman (1663-1699) who married Henrik Aminoff (1653-?).
  21. ^ "Cronman". Retrieved 2007-08-26. Joakim Cronman, died 5 March 1703 at the citadel of Neumünde, married 9 August 1657 Gothenburg Lunetta Makeleer (buried 22 February 1693 at Reval), daughter of Johan or Hans Makeleer and Anna Gubbertz. 
  22. ^ Bull, Edvard. Norsk biografisk leksikon. D. var gift med Maria Sophia Makeléer (egentlig Maclean), f. 1640, d. 1721, datter av Sir John M. av ... 
  23. ^ "Counties of Sweden". Retrieved 2007-08-26. 20 Dec 1693-1708 David Makeléer (b. 16.. - d. 1708) 
  24. ^ "Rutger Maclean". Electric Scotland. Retrieved 2009-02-28. His father was one of Charles XII’s officers, and the first of his ancestors in Sweden was probably Johan Macleer, the Gothenburg merchant who actively helped Montrose during the latter’s visit to Gothenburg in 1650. Johan Macleer had been raised to the Swedish nobility in 1649, and in the following year was created an English baronet by Charles I as a reward for his services in helping Montrose. His Swedish wife had a sister who was married to Jakob Makeleer, a silk mercer in Stockholm. The two brothers-in-law were obviously related and possibly brothers. They seem to have been the first of their family to settle in Sweden. ...