Heinz Kloss

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Heinz Kloss (30 October 1904, Halle, Saxony-Anhalt – 13 June 1987) was a German linguist and internationally recognised authority on linguistic minorities.[1]

He coined the terms "abstandsprache" and "ausbausprache"[2] to try to describe the differences between what is commonly called a language and what is commonly called a dialect.

Selected works[edit]

  • —— (1929). Nebensprachen: eine sprachpolitische Studie über die Beziehungen eng Verwandter Sprachgemeinschaften. Wilhelm Braumüller, Universitäts-Verlagsbuchhandlung. 
  • —— (1940–1942). Das Volksgruppenrecht in den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. Essener Verlagsanstalt.  (two volumes)
  • —— (1967). "Abstand languages and Ausbau languages". Anthropological Linguistics. 9 (7): 29–41. doi:10.1515/9783110860252.278. 
  • —— (1976). "Abstandsprachen und Ausbausprachen" [Abstand-languages and Ausbau-languages]. In Göschel, Joachim; Nail, Norbert; van der Elst, Gaston. Zur Theorie des Dialekts: Aufsätze aus 100 Jahren Forschung. Zeitschrift fur Dialektologie and Linguistik, Beihefte, n.F., Heft 16. Wiesbaden: F. Steiner. pp. 301–322. ISBN 978-3-515-02305-4. 
  • —— (1977). The American Bilingual Tradition. Newberry House. ISBN 978-0-912066-06-6. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hutton, pp. 153–154.
  2. ^ Kordić, Snježana (2009). "Plurizentrische Sprachen, Ausbausprachen, Abstandsprachen und die Serbokroatistik" [Pluricentric languages, Ausbau languages, Abstand languages and Serbo-Croatistics] (PDF). Zeitschrift für Balkanologie (in German). Wiesbaden. 45 (2): 210–215. ISSN 0044-2356. OCLC 680567046. ZDB-ID 201058-6. Archived from the original on 4 August 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Auburger, Leopold (1988). "In memoriam Heinz Kloss". Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik (in German). 55 (1): 49–56. JSTOR 40503043. 
  • Hutton, Christopher (1999). "'A complicated young man with a complicated fate, in a complicated time': Heinz Kloss and the ethnic missionaries of the Third Reich". Linguistics and the Third Reich: Mother-tongue Fascism, Race and the Science of Language. London: Routledge. pp. 144–178. ISBN 978-0-415-18954-5. 
  • McConnell, Grant D. (1988). "In Memoriam: Dr. Heinz Kloss". Language in Society. 17 (4): 619. JSTOR 4167990. 
  • Wiley, Terrence G. (2002). "Heinz Kloss revisited: National Socialist ideologue or champion of language-minority rights?". International journal of the sociology of language. 154: 83–97. doi:10.1515/ijsl.2002.014. 
  • Wilhelm, Cornelia (2002). "Nazi propaganda and the uses of the past: Heinz Kloss and the making of a German America". Amerikastudien / American Studies. 47 (1): 55–83. JSTOR 41157702.