Hem Chandra Chowdhury
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Ambaria, Madhupur, Tangail, Bangladesh
|Cause of death||Natural|
|Resting place||Calcutta, India|
Hemchandra Chowdhury was an influential king, a giant, a social worker, a visionary ruler, a master builder and an educative. He was born in 1833 (1239 BS) at Ambaria in Madhupur upazila, Tangail, Bangladesh.
Hemchandra's father's name is Kalichandra Roy and grandfather's name Padmalochon Roy. He had three sisters. They are Sornomoye Devi (the golden goddess) husband Nilkanta Ganguly, the husband of Kshiroda Sundori Devi (beautiful goddess) Gobinda Chandra Ganguly and Baroda Sundari Devi (goddess) husband Rajanikanta Ganguly. Hem Chandra had four sons and four daughters. The sons are Harmbhao Chowdhury, Gangaesh Chowdhury, Prafulla Chowdhury and Yogesh Chowdhury. Daughters are Surendra Bala Devi husband Satish Mukherjee, Kiran Bala Devi Husband Badal Mukherjee, Sumati Bala Devi husband Muralidhaar Ganguly and Sunita Bala Devi husband unknown (didn’t know). Hemchandra Chowdhury's father Kali Chandra Roy had two wives. Hemchandra's mother was Harghanga Devi (goddess) and another (step mother) was Shashimukhi Devi (goddess).
Hemchandra Chowdhury was the Kulin Brahmin (Hindu) and religious devotions. Hemababu, known for his community as a dedicated man, was a conservative man. Everyone in his family was well-educated and elegant.
Hemchandra Chowdhury's grandfather Padmalochon Roy was the landlord. In 1848 (1254 BS) he bought two aana taluks (property) from Bhairab Chandra, the Zamindar of Puthuria Pargana. Hemchandra's father, Kalichandra Roy, bought the remaining four aana Taluks (property) of Pargana in 1855 (1261 BS) after his death. After the death of Kalichandra Roy, Hemchandra Roy, with the Maharaja of Muktagacha, surrendered with Suryakanta Rai, bought five aana, two and a half Gonda taluks of Jainshahi Pargana at auction. Which was approximately 85 thousand acres. He was from Ray “Chowdhury”. Hemchandra Chowdhury's Zamindari extends from the Ambaria in northern Tangail and Sirajganj districts about four lakh (400k) acres.
Hemchandra Chowdhury left the Ambaria Rajbari in Madhupur upazila in 1880 (1286 BS) and built a new Rajbari at Subarnkhali village under Jawail Union of Gopalpur upazila. He started managing zamindari from here. Subarnakhali was the famous river port of the Jamuna. As a result of easy communication with Calcutta, Assam and Calcutta's steamer came in Subarnakhali. In 1905, the extension of railway lines from Mymensingh to Jagannathganj Ghat was expanded to the cause and efforts of some Hindu zamindars, including Hemchandra Chowdhury. Which makes connectivity Calcutta to Dhaka with rail and steamer easier. Hemababu from Subarnakhali to the Jagannathganj Ghat of Sarishbari upazila arranged a journey of five kilometers on Tomtom (Bangladeshi car) and Palki (Palanquin) by developing concrete road. That was the first concrete road in Gopalpur upazila. In the last decade of the nineteenth century, the Subarnakhali river port and the palace of Hemchandra, which was destroyed in the gravel of Jamuna River. Sonamui / Sonamukhhi name survived today by losing Subarnakhali tradition now.
Hemchandra Chowdhury constructed a new two-storied palace in Shimlapara in 1890 (1296 BS). It is located three kilometers east-south of Subarnakhali. The beautiful house, made of highly decorated, expensive glass, made an unusual design of sapling. It's a house made of artisan with craftsmen in Delhi and Calcutta, it seems like artwork. The house with a hundred-room on 60 acres of land was (is) called "Porir Dalan" (the building of the Fairy). Several wells were excavated for drinking water in the surroundings of the high and prosperous wall. There were zoos, pujaamandaps, elephant house and flower gardens. In front palace there was the two-storey nattghar (theater). In front and inside of the house there was (is) a large pond (dighi) with paved (brick and tulle) ghats. Dighi and houses were built for the relatives around the palace. The large weekly market on the southern side of the Rajbari was set up. The area was named "Hemnagar" after the name of Hemchandra Chowdhury. At present, a college() (Degree College) has been established in the house (in 1979).
Contribution to Culture
Hemchandra Chowdhury and his descendants were all liberal cultures. In their theater, the nomadic artists of that era acted. Jatrapala played in Durgapuja time. Kirtan also set up in front of the Rajbari. But Muslims and low-caste Hindus were not allowed to enter. The third son of Hemchandra Chowdhury Prafulla Chowdhury was a famous footballer. In addition to Eastern Bengal, Calcutta was known as skilled Footballer. Hemchandra Chowdhury used to publish literary magazines as family "Hitoysi". As a poet and songwriter Hembabu had a good reputation at that time.
After Hemchandra Chowdhury's death, his successors crossed the country in fear of communal riots during the partition of India and Pakistan in 1946. Shyamkanta Ganguly and his son Kamal Ganguly went to Hemnagar after not being able to leave the mother's womb. But during the war of 1965, they also emigrated. During the Bangladesh War of Liberation, the Rajbari of Hemanagar used as a shelter for the freedom fighters.
Hemchandra Chowdhury was very grateful and educative. In 1900, he established Hemanagar Shashimukhi High English School named his mother (step mother). The school established on the land of twenty acre is still spreading education. Hembabu donated land and money for establishing Suti VM Pilot High School and Pingana High School. He also donated substantial amount of money to the Dhaka University, Dhaka Medical School, Mymensingh Victoria Hospital, Mymensingh's old hospital building, Pingana Datobyo Chikissaloy (Charitable Treatment), Gopalpur Girls' School and Barisal Muk and Bodir (voiceless and deaf) School. Hemchandra donated as the fourth among ten donor in the inscriptions in foundation of Anandamohon College. To facilitate the drinking water of the public, excavation of wells and many ponds in the road junctions. In order to build iron bridges for the pilgrims at Chandranath temple and Chandranath hill in Sitakunda, and to facilitate the establishment of the Tangail Faujdari Ukil bar (Lawyer court). There are many stories of people living side by side with happiness and sadness. In Hemnagar, he established Harandurga Charitable Treatment. In the spoken area of Malaria, he distributed 15 pounds of Quinine medicine through post office in the first half of the twentieth century. He also constructed Hemnagar-Gopalpur-Amberia road. In the north-east of the Rajbari, the iron bridge was established in the junction of the road.
There were beautiful bungalows (Rest house) of the Zamindar near the Rajbari. There was a twenty-four chowkidar's guard at dakbangalla (Rest house) surrounded by red walled walls, surrounded by a high wall around the waist. There were domestic and foreign flower gardens inside. Here the relatives of Zamindar and British officials from Kolkata used to entertain. In the water boat, the guests used to enjoy a boat ride in the water of Gorilla Beal. In the middle of the beal, the ever-floating wondrous beauty of the island was the Yogi dope, which still survives.
On the start of the Magh (Bangla month), the landlords in Rajgolabari (place name) area used to bring a projadarshan (meet the public) on the occasion of collecting Tax. Hemchandra Chowdhury’s daughter Sumati Bala Devi's husband Murlidhar Ganguly was the President of Hemnagar Union Parishad. It is known that in the event of the victory of the voting in Union Parishad election, Hateem Ali Khan, the then peasant leader, had a dispute with the Zamindar family. The memories of Hemchandra Chowdhury's repression are found in many memories, especially on the Muslims. Besides, the servant of the zamindar did not allow the umbrella to walk on the head or shoe on the eastern side of the Rajbari (Palace). Lathiyals (servant) punished them and used to perform excessive devotion to their master. The people who created discontent and resentment in the mind of public. However, the common people of this area remember them with great reverence and devotion. Though Hemchandra Chowdhury lost many things because of political change or evolution, he would be immortal in the public’s heart of Hemnagar.
- National University College List http://www.nubd.info/college/college_details.php
- "Amar Tangail". Amar Tangail. Archived from the original on 2011-07-07. Retrieved 2010-11-12.
- From the voice of Mr. Abdus Salam (Former member of UP), Mr. Joaher BSC (Former Assistant teacher of Shashimukhi High School)
- Local News Papers, জমিদারের সাতকাহন- জয়নাল আবেদীন, Google Search, Voice of Local people