The Hema, or Hima or Huma, are a minority ethnic group with about 160,000 members located in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, in particular Ituri Province, as well as parts of Uganda and Rwanda. The Hema are pastoralists and the preferential treatment given to them by Ugandan officials is blamed for igniting the recent Ituri conflict.
The northern Hema speak Lendu, the Nilo-Saharan language of the neighbouring Lendu people. The southern Hema still speak Hema, a Bantu language, and the closely related Hema dialect of Nyankore of western Uganda. Languages which are also related are such languages as Lunyoro, Luganda and Lusoga. Most Hema are Christians.
- Turse, Nick (August 1, 2018). "Chapter 1: No Peace". A Slaughter in Silence. Bunia, Democratic Republic of Congo. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
- Turse, Nick (August 1, 2018). "Chapter 1: How We Reported this Story". A Slaughter in Silence. Bunia, Democratic Republic of Congo. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
There are currently "6.8 million internally displaced Congolese and 552,000 Congolese refugees spread across sub-Saharan Africa."
- Hema from ethnologue.com
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