Heneage Gibbes

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Heneage Gibbes
Gibbes, Heneage.jpg
Somerset, England
DiedJuly 18, 1912(1912-07-18) (aged 74–75)
EducationUniversity of Aberdeen
OccupationProfessor, physician

Heneage Gibbes (1837 – July 18, 1912) was a British pathologist. Born in Somerset, his namesake father was a minister and his mother Margaretta was the daughter of John Murray, an admiral in the Royal Navy. His paternal grandfather, Sir George Smith Gibbes (1771–1851) was physician extraordinary to Queen Charlotte while his maternal grandfather John Murray was an Admiral in the Royal Navy. At the age of fourteen he left home to sail to the East Indies and returned only at the age of twenty one, studied under private tutors and went to the University of Aberdeen. He became a licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians in 1879 and in 1887 he became Professor of Physiology and Normal and Morbid Histology at Westminster Hospital Medical School.[1] He worked along with Emanuel Edward Klein and in 1884, the two were appointed to the British cholera commission and sent to India. This commission was set up to investigate the claims of Robert Koch, who had identified the cause of cholera. Klein and Gibbes found fault in Koch's determination of the causal agent.[2][3]

Gibbes moved to Ann Arbor, Michigan in 1888 to succeed Alonzo B. Palmer as professor of pathology at the University of Michigan. During his tenure at Michigan, he often held out-dated theories of disease causation despite considerable advances in bacteriology. In 1895 he moved to Detroit in 1898 to become the city's Health Officer and Professor of Internal Medicine and Pathology at the Michigan College of Medicine and Surgery.[4][5]

He wrote two books, Practical Histology (1880) and Practical pathology and morbid anatomy (1891).[5][6]


  1. ^ Hinsdale, Burke A. (1906). History of the University of Michigan. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan. p. 278.
  2. ^ Anonymous (1885). "Editorial: The Etiology of Cholera". Nature. 33: 97–98. doi:10.1038/033097a0.
  3. ^ Isaacs, J.D. (1998). "D D Cunningham and the Aetiology of Cholera in British India, 1869-1897" (PDF). Medical History. 42 (3): 279–305. doi:10.1017/s0025727300063997. PMC 1044036. PMID 9796575.
  4. ^ Shaw, W.B., ed. (1951). The University of Michigan, an Encyclopedic Survey. Volume 2. Parts. III, IV and V. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan. pp. 887–890.
  5. ^ a b O'Connor, W.J. (1991). British Physiologists 1885-1914: A Biographical Dictionary. Manchester University Press. p. 307.
  6. ^ Hinsdale, Burke A. (1906). History of the University of Michigan. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan. p. 278.

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