Henrique de Barros

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Henrique Teixeira de Queirós de Barros (Coimbra, 7 October 1904 - 21 August 2000) was a Portuguese politician.


He was a son of João de Barros and wife Raquel Teixeira de Queirós, and a paternal grandson of the 1st Viscount of a Marinha Grande, of whom he was the representative. He was, ironically, a brother in law of Marcelo Caetano, the Prime Minister of Portugal during the final years of the Dictatorship.[1]


He was a Licentiate in Agricultural Economics from the Instituto Superior de Agronomia of the University of Lisbon, and from there he developed an intense activity as a Pedagogue and an Investigator.

Since a young age being an oppositioner to the dictatorial regime of Estado Novo, he joined the Movimento de Unidade Democrática (MUD) in 1945. He joined the Socialist Party in 1974 and a year later in 1975 he was elected a Deputy to the Constituent Assembly, of which he became the 1st and only President from 3 June 1975 to 2 April 1976. With this his name got permanently connected with the Constitution of Portugal of 1976.

He then was Minister of State of the 1st Constitutional Government and a Member of the Portuguese Council of State.

In 1981 he disconnected from PS and, from 1985, he started collaborating with the Democratic Renovator Party (PRD).


He married Luísa de Morais Sarmento, from an ancient noble family of Trás os Montes e Alto Douro, without issue.


  • Os Presidentes do Parlamento (Presidents of the Portuguese Parliament), Assembly of the Republic