Henry Sclater

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Sir Henry Crichton Sclater
Born (1855-11-05)5 November 1855
Died 26 September 1923(1923-09-26) (aged 67)
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank General
Commands held Southern Command
Battles/wars Second Boer War
World War I
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
Spouse(s) Dame Edith Sclater

General Sir Henry Crichton Sclater, GCB, GBE (5 November 1855 – 26 September 1923) was a British Army General during World War I.

Military career[edit]

Henry Crichton Sclater, the third son of James Henry Sclater and Louisa Catherine Fowler, was born on 5 November 1855.[1] After being educated at Cheltenham, he went to the Royal Military Academy and was commissioned in the Royal Artillery in 1875.[2]

Sclater was a General Staff Officer and later Deputy Assistant Adjutant General at the Headquarters for the Nile expedition between 1884-85.[2] He was promoted to Major on 15 June 1885, served in the Egyptian Frontier Field Force from 1885–86 and was Deputy Assistant Adjutant General in Cairo from 1885-90. Following his return to the United Kingdom, he was Brigade major of Royal Artillery, until in late 1899 he was reassigned following the outbreak of the Second Boer War.[3]

He served as Assistant Adjutant General, Royal Artillery and Colonel on the General Staff of the Royal Artillery in South Africa (mentioned in despatches dated 31 March 1900).[4] Following the end of the war, Lord Kitchener (Commander-in-Chief in South Africa) wrote in a despatch dated June 1902 how Sclater "possesses an unusual combination of ability and common sense. I consider him to be a Staff officer of exceptional value, to whom all ranks of the Royal Artillery in South Africa owe much."[5] He returned home with the SS Kinfauns Castle leaving Cape Town in early August 1902, after the war had ended.[6] In recognition of services during the war, he was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in the South Africa honours list published on 26 June 1902.[7]

He was Director of Artillery at the War Office from 1903-04 when he became Quartermaster General for India. In 1908 he was appointed Commander of Quetta Division in India.[2]

He served in World War I as Adjutant-General to the Forces and a Member of Army Council from 1914 to 1916: in this capacity he was responsible for the expansion of the Army in 1914.[8] He served as General Officer Commanding-in-Chief for Southern Command from 1916–19, and retired in 1922.[2]

Family[edit]

On 12 June 1884 Sclater married Edith Barttelot.[1][9] They had no children.[1]

Death[edit]

Sclater died on 26 September 1923, and was survived by his wife, Dame Edith Sclater.[1][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Staff (27 September 1923). "General Sir H. C. Sclater". The Times. London, UK. p. 13. 
  2. ^ a b c d Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, kcl.ac.uk; accessed 28 March 2014.
  3. ^ "No. 27162". The London Gazette. 6 February 1900. p. 810. 
  4. ^ "No. 27282". The London Gazette. 8 February 1901. p. 845. 
  5. ^ "No. 27459". The London Gazette. 29 July 1902. pp. 4835–4836. 
  6. ^ "The Army in South Africa - Return of Troops". The Times (36846). London. 14 August 1902. p. 8. 
  7. ^ "No. 27448". The London Gazette (Supplement). 26 June 1902. p. 4191. 
  8. ^ Kitchener's army: the raising of the new armies, 1914-16 by Peter Simkins, p. 37, Manchester University Press, 1988; ISBN 978-0-7190-2637-9
  9. ^ a b Henry Crichton Sclater profile, ThePeerage.com; accessed 20 March 2016.
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Spencer Ewart
Adjutant General
1914–1916
Succeeded by
Sir Nevil Macready
Preceded by
Sir William Campbell
GOC-in-C Southern Command
1916–1919
Succeeded by
Sir George Harper