Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 6th Marquess of Lansdowne

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The 6th Marquess of Lansdowne.

Lieutenant-Colonel Henry William Edmund Petty-Fitzmaurice, 6th Marquess of Lansdowne, DSO, MVO (14 January 1872 – 5 March 1936), styled Earl of Kerry until 1927, was a British soldier and politician.

Background[edit]

Lansdowne was the son of Henry Petty-FitzMaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, and his wife, Maud, daughter of James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn and Lady Louisa Jane Russell.

Military career[edit]

Lord Kerry was originally commissioned into a volunteer battalion of the Oxfordshire Light Infantry, but transferred to the regular army as a second lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards on 14 August 1895, and was promoted to lieutenant on 2 March 1898.[1] He served in South Africa during the Second Boer War, where he was from 25 January 1900 an extra aide-de camp to Lord Roberts, the commander in chief of British Forces in South Africa.[2] For his service in the war, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO). On the formation of the Irish Guards in 1900, he transferred to that regiment while still in South Africa, and was promoted captain on 6 October 1900. He resigned in 1906 with the rank of major. He returned to the Army during the First World War, reaching the rank of lieutenant-colonel.

Political career[edit]

Lansdowne was Liberal Unionist Member of Parliament (MP) for West Derbyshire from 1908–18. He was a member of the Senate of the Irish Free State from 1922 to 1929, to which he was nominated by the executive council.[3] He succeeded his father as Marquess of Lansdowne in 1927, with a seat in the British House of Lords, meaning that he had the unusual distinction of serving in the national legislatures of two different countries at the same time.

Family[edit]

Derreen House and Garden

He married Elizabeth Caroline Hope, on 16 February 1904 and they had five children:

Alva Vanderbilt once considered him a suitable match for her daughter Consuelo, but instead she married his maternal first cousin, the Duke of Marlborough in 1895.

He died in Marylebone, aged 64.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hart′s Army list, 1901
  2. ^ "No. 27174". The London Gazette. 16 March 1900. p. 1794.
  3. ^ "Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  4. ^ Telegraph Announcements

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Victor Cavendish
Member of Parliament for West Derbyshire
1908–1918
Succeeded by
Charles White
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice
Marquess of Lansdowne
1927–1936
Succeeded by
Charles Petty-Fitzmaurice