Henry Bowreman Foote
|Henry Robert Bowreman Foote|
Henry Foote in 1960
5 December 1904 |
Ishapore, British India
|Died||11 November 1993
|Buried at||St Mary's Church, West Chiltington (Coordinates: )|
|Years of service||1925–1958|
|Unit||Royal Tank Regiment|
|Commands held||Royal Armoured Corps (1955–58)
11th Armoured Division (1950–53)
7th Armoured Brigade (1949–50)
2nd Royal Tank Regiment (1947–48)
7th Royal Tank Regiment (1942)
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
Mentioned in Despatches
Major General Henry Robert Bowreman Foote, VC, CB, DSO (5 December 1904 – 11 November 1993) was a British Army officer and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Early life and education
Foote was born on 5 December 1904 in Ishapore, India, the son of Henry Bruce Foote, a major in the Royal Artillery, and his wife Jennie Elizabeth. He was the grandson of the archaeologist and geologist Robert Bruce Foote, often considered the "Father of Indian Prehistory".
Second World War
Foote was a Staff Officer from 1939 to 1942 and a member of the British Army Staff Mission, Washington, DC in 1941. In 1942 he became Officer Commanding, 7th Royal Tank Regiment and it was in this post that he won the Victoria Cross at the Battle of Gazala.
During the period 27 May to 15 June 1942 in Libya, Lieutenant Colonel Foote commanded his battalion with outstanding courage and leadership, always being at the crucial point at the right time. On 6 June, although wounded, he continued to lead his battalion from an exposed position on the outside of a tank, and succeeded in defeating the enemy's attempt to encircle two Allied divisions. On 13 June, when a number of Allied tanks had been destroyed, he went on foot, "from one tank to another, to encourage the crews under intense artillery and anti-tank fire". By "his magnificent example the corridor was kept open and the Brigade was able to march through".
Shortly after this, Foote was captured and became a prisoner of war. However, he subsequently escaped and entered Switzerland in April 1944, it was only then that he learned he had been awarded the Victoria Cross. After a period as a General Staff Officer at Allied Forces Headquarters in 1944, he became second-in-command of the 9th Armoured Brigade in 1945.
Post-war and senior command
After the end of the war, Foote was flying to Berlin to take part in a victory parade when he had to bail-out, as the aircraft was about to crash. Consequently, he became a member of the Caterpillar Club, an informal group of those who have been saved from death or serious injury by means of a parachute.
Foote was Brigadier of the Royal Armoured Corps, Middle East Land Forces from 1945 to 1947 and then Officer Commanding 2nd Royal Tank Regiment from 1947 to 1948. He was at the Fighting Vehicles Proving Establishment, at the Ministry of Supply from 1948 to 1949 and commanded the 7th Armoured Brigade from 1949 to 1950 and the 11th Armoured Division from 1950 to 1953. He was Director General of Fighting Vehicles at the Ministry of Supply from 1953 to 1955 and Director, Royal Armoured Corps, at the War Office from 1955 until his retirement in 1958 as major general.
Retirement and legacy
After his retirement, Foote was a trustee of The Tank Museum, Bovington until his death. He was featured as a guest on the biographical television programme This Is Your Life on 22 October 1986.
- Michael Shelden Orwell: The Authorised Biography William Heinemann 1991
- Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
- "(Supplement) no. 36518". The London Gazette. 18 May 1944. p. 2269. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
- ""A Marvellously Brave Leader": Major General Robert Foote VC". The Bovington Tank Museum. 6 June 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2012.
- Lee, Tony. "Series 27:1986–87". Big Red Book: Celebrating Televisions 'This is Your Life'. Retrieved 19 December 2012.
- Location of grave and VC medal (West Sussex)
- Independent obituary
- Henry Robert Bowreman Foote (1904–1993), Major-General, photographs at the National Portrait Gallery, London
- Imperial War Museum Interview
Title last held byGeorge Roberts
|GOC 11th Armoured Division