Herman Arthur Marth (January 28, 1880 - March 11, 1970) was a chef, restaurateur, union organizer, and Socialist state legislator from Wausau, Wisconsin who served two terms in the Wisconsin State Assembly, from 1918-1920.
Marth was born January 28, 1880 in Wausau, the son of Louis and Ottilia (Ramthun) Marth, and attended the local public schools until dropping out at age 15 to go to work (although he continued studies at a business college at night). He worked his way up to become a chef and restaurateur in Wisconsin and neighboring states. He became also active in the labor movement and acted as a labor organizer for various unions.
After long activity in Marathon County politics, and election to the Wisconsin Socialist Party executive committee, Marth was first elected to the State Assembly's second Marathon County district by a three-to-one margin in a special election in January 1918 to succeed Republican D. S. Burnett (who had resigned to enter military service). At the November general election he was re-elected, with 1883 votes to 1313 for Republican Fred Paulus, 1203 for Democrat George Merisette, and 40 for independent F. A. Wilcox. He served on the Committee on Taxation.
In 1920, after narrowly losing a hard-fought race for mayor of Wausau by 246 votes in September, Marth was defeated for re-election to the Assembly by Republican Lewis H. Cook, who received 5084 votes, to 3204 for Marth and 1100 for Democrat Kurt Beyreis. He continued to serve on the executive committee of the Wisconsin Socialist Party until 1935, and remained an outspoken Socialist his whole life.
On April 7, 1915, Marth was married in Wausau to Laura Tank. Together they had three sons. Marth died at the age of 90 at his home on March 11, 1970. He is buried in Pine Grove Cemetery in Wausau.
- Marathon County, Wisconsin Historical Society-Herman Marth
- Hunter, Paul F., ed. The Wisconsin blue book, 1919 Madison: Democrat Printing Co., State Printer, 1919; p. 490
- Hunter, Paul F., ed. The Wisconsin blue book, 1919 Madison: Democrat Printing Co., State Printer, 1919; p. 161
- Hunter, Paul F., ed. The Wisconsin blue book, 1919 Madison: Democrat Printing Co., State Printer, 1919; p. 447
- Lorence, James J. "'Dynamite for the Brain': The Growth and Decline of Socialism in Central and Lakeshore Wisconsin, 1910-1920." The Wisconsin Magazine of History Vol. 66, No. 4 (Summer, 1983), p. 268
- The Wisconsin blue book, 1921 p. 276