Hermann Daniel Hermes
Hermann Daniel Hermes (24 January 1734 – 12 November 1807) was a Prussian protestant theologian. Towards the end of his life he became caught up in the campaign for a return to religious orthodoxy pursued by the Rosicrucian politician Johann Christoph von Wöllner, being employed as an "inquisitor" in 1794 in Halle, and elsewhere.
Hermann Daniel Hermes was born in Petznick, a village near Stargard in Western Pomerania. His father was a Protestant pastor. His mother, Lukrezia, was the daughter of another Protestant pastor, Heinrich Becker from Rostock. His siblings included the successful popular novelist Johann Timotheus Hermes.
After attending school in Wernigerode, in 1750 he commenced a study period at Halle University after which he took a teaching post at the Realschule (school) recently set up in Berlin by Julius Hecker. In 1756 he moved on to a position as a (Protestant) minister at Dierberg near Ruppin, north of Berlin. A succession of church promotions followed. At this stage, there was no sign of the obsessive hostility to new thinking which would become a defining feature of his work after he came under the influence of Wöllner. Eventually, he became senior minister at St. Mary Magdalene in Breslau. He was later identified as a "Prussian inquisitor" and was removed from office without formal explanation.
Much of his later career awaits further modern research, although his prominent role in the anti-enlightenment fundamentalist government mandated "crusading" of the 1790s has recently formed the basis for an historically based novel (in Polish) by the Breslau/Wrocław writer Henryk Waniek.
- Adolf Schimmelpfennig (1880). "Hermes: Hermann Daniel H., Oberconsistorialrath in Berlin, war der Sohn eines Geistlichen und 1734 am 24. Januar in Petznik bei Stargard geb..." Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig & Wikisource. pp. 196–197. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- * Henryk Waniek: Der Fall Hermes, Kraków 2007, ISBN 978-83-08-04090-4
- Christopher Clark (6 September 2007). Chapter 8: Dare to Know .... Counter-enlightnement?. Iron Kingdom: The Rise and Downfall of Prussia, 1600-1947. ISBN 978-0140293340.
- Erich Beyreuther (1969). "Hermes, Johann Timotheus". Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB). Duncker & Humblot, Berlin. p. 669 f. ISBN 3-428-00189-3.
- Patryk Balawender (5 August 2009). Recenzja książki "Sprawa Hermesa". Hermes w Górach Śląskich, Wrocław 1994, wyd. 2, Wrocław 1996 (in Polish). Gildia Internet Services Sp z o.o., Warszawa. ISBN 978-83-08-04090-4. Retrieved 14 September 2015.