|Hermann Joseph Giskes|
Giskes c. 1945
|Born||28 September 1896|
|Died||28 August 1977 (aged 80)|
|Years of service||1939–1945|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Abwehr Major Hermann Joseph Giskes (28 September 1896 – 28 August 1977) was a wartime intelligence operative primarily stationed in the occupied Netherlands, and head of Abwehr Section IIIF. He is best known as one of the leading lights behind the Englandspiel operation. Giskes' activities were responsible for supplying a great deal of disinformation to British intelligence services for much of World War II, and for the arrest of more than 50 Allied agents. Giskes first succeeded in gaining the partial cooperation of captured British agent Hubertus Lauwers, who sent encrypted messages (but missing security checks) back to British SOE at Giskes' direction, under duress. Then dozens of agents parachuted in succession, and were captured by the Germans, along with tons of equipment.
To [the SOE section chiefs] Messrs Blunt,[nb 1] Bingham[nb 2] and Succs Ltd., London. In the last time you are trying to make business in Netherlands without our assistance stop we think this rather unfair in view of our long and successful co-operation as your sole agents stop but never mind whenever you will come to pay a visit to the Continent you may be assured that you will be received with the same care and result as all those who you sent us before stop so long.
- Leo Marks - the SOE cryptographer who became increasingly suspicious of Abwehr' penetration of the Dutch circuit
- "Books: Operation North Pole". TIME. 10 August 1953. Retrieved 30 March 2012. (Subscription required (help)).
- Lashmar, Paul; Staerck, Chris (20 September 1998). "Spy fiasco cost Britain 50 agents". The Independent. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
- Marks (1998), p.499.
- Whiting, Charles (18 April 2002). Ghost Front: The Ardennes Before The Battle Of The Bulge. Da Capo Press. pp. 203–204. ISBN 978-0-306-82035-9.
- Marks, Leo (1998). Between Silk and Cyanide. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-255944-7.
- Burton, Chris (22 December 2005). "The Eureka-Rebecca compromises". The Free Library.
- Hastings, Max (2015). The Secret War: Spies, Codes and Guerrillas 1939-1945. London: William Collins. ISBN 978-0-00-750374-2.
- Giskes, H.J. (1982). London Calling North Pole. Bantam. (Originally published by Bastei Lübbe as London ruft Nordpol : das erfolgreiche Funkspiel der deutschen militärischen Abwehr)