Hermann Wagner (geographer)

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Bust of Hermann Wagner by Adolf von Donndorf (1910)

Hermann Wagner (23 June 1840 – 18 June 1929) was a German geographer and cartographer who was a native of Erlangen. He was the son of anatomist Rudolf Wagner (1805–1864) and brother to economist Adolph Wagner (1835–1917).

Wagner received his education at the Universities of Göttingen and Erlangen, and from 1864 to 1876, taught classes in mathematics and natural history at the Ernestine Gymnasium, Gotha.[1] When the Freies Deutsches Hochstift (Free German Foundation was founded in 1859, Wagner was one of its 56 founding members.[2]

In 1868, Wagner began work for the publishing firm Justus Perthes as an editor in the statistical section of the Gothaer Almanack.[3][4] Beginning in 1872, with Ernst Behm, he was editor of the geographical/statistical review Die Bevolkerung der Erde.[5]

In 1876, he was appointed to the chair of geography at the University of Königsberg, and in 1880 was named as successor to Johann Eduard Wappäus as professor of geography at the University of Göttingen.[3] From 1879 to 1920, he was editor of the Geographisches Jahrbuch.[6]

In 1883–84, he published a new edition of Hermann Guthe's Lehrbuch der Geographie. He is also associated with the Sydow-Wagner Methodischer Schulatlas,[7] a school atlas that is named in conjunction with cartographer Emil von Sydow.[8][9]


  1. ^ Wolfgang Böhm, “Hermann Wagner und die Geographie an der Universität zu Königsberg” in Jahrbuch der Albertus Universität zu Königsberg, vol. XXIV (1974, reissued by Duncker & Humblot, 2020), pp. 196–202
  2. ^ Lerner, Franz (1960). "Die ersten Mitglieder des Freien Deutschen Hochstifts". Archiv für Frankfurts Geschichte und Kunst. 47: 63–74.
  3. ^ a b Dickinson, Robert E. (2014). "Hermann Wagner". The Makers of Modern Geography (RLE Social & Cultural Geography). Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1-317-90733-6.
  4. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Wagner, Adolf: Wagner Hermann" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 235.
  5. ^ Archiv.org Die bevölkerung der erde
  6. ^ Georg Busolt: His Career in His Letters by Georg Busolt
  7. ^ Hermann Wagner (1889) Sydow-Wagners methodischer Schulatlas, Zweite durchgesehene und berichtigte Ausgabe. Gotha, Justus Perthes.
  8. ^ HathiTrust Digital Library published works
  9. ^ IDREF.fr bibliography