Hermenegild

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For the given name, see Hermenegild (given name). For the Spanish military decoration, see Royal and Military Order of Saint Hermenegild.
Saint Hermenegild
Triunfo de san hermenegildo herrera el joven.jpeg
El Triunfo de San Hermenegildo by Francisco Herrera the Younger (1654)
Martyr
Born Toletum, Visigothic Kingdom
Died c. 13 April 585
Hispalis, Hispania
Venerated in Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church
Feast April 13
Patronage Seville, Spain

Saint Hermenegild or Ermengild (died 13 April 585) (Spanish: San Hermenegildo, from Gothic Ermen Gild, "immense tribute"), was the son of king Liuvigild of the Visigothic Kingdom in the Iberian Peninsula and southern France. He fell out with his father in 579, then revolted the following year. During his rebellion, he converted from Arianism to Chalcedonian Christianity. Hermenegild was defeated in 584 and exiled.[1] His death was later celebrated as a martyrdom due to the influence of Pope Gregory I's Dialogues, in which he portrayed Hermenegild as a "Catholic martyr rebelling against the tyranny of an Arian father."[2]

Marriage to Ingund[edit]

Hermenegild was the eldest son of the Liuvigild and his first wife, Princess Theodosia (a Chalcedonian Christia.) [3] He was brother to Reccared I and brought up an Arian. Liuvigild made his sons co-regents.[4]

In 579 he married Ingund, daughter of the Frankish King Sigebert I of Austrasia,) who was a Chalcedonian Christian. Her mother was the Visigoth princess Brunhilda of Austrasia. The twelve year old Ingunthis was pressured by Hermenegild's stepmother Goiswintha to abjure her beliefs, but she stayed firm in her faith.[5]

Liuvigild sent Hermenegild to the south to govern on his behalf. There he came under the influence of Leander of Seville, older brother of Isidore of Seville. Hermenegild was converted to Chalcedonian Christianity. His family demanded that he return to Arianism, but he refused.

Around this time, he led a revolt against Liuvigild. Contemporary accounts attribute this to politics rather than primarily to religious differences.[6] He asked for the aid of the Byzantine Empire, but they were occupied with defending against territorial incursions by the Sasanian Empire. [7] For a time Hermengild had the support of the Suebi, who had been defeated by Liuvigild in 579. However, Liuvigild forced them to capitulate once again in 583.[4]

Hermengild fled to Seville and when that fell to a siege in 584 went to Córdoba After Liuvigild paid 30,000 pieces of gold, the Byzantines withdrew taking Ingund and her son with them.[4] Hermengild sought sanctuary in a church. Liuvigild would not violate the sanctuary: he sent Reccared inside to speak with Hermenegild and to offer peace. This was accepted and peace was made for some time.[3]

Imprisonment and death[edit]

Goiswintha, however, brought about another alienation within the family. Hermenegild was imprisoned in Tarragona or Toledo. During his captivity in the tower of Seville, an Arian bishop was sent to Hermenegild for Easter but he would not accept the Eucharist from him.[8] King Liuvigild ordered him beheaded; he was executed on 13 April 586.[3]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Heather, Peter (1998). The Goths. Wiley. pp. 280–282. ISBN 978-0-631-20932-4. 
  2. ^ Markus, Robert Austin (9 October 1997). Gregory the Great and His World. Cambridge University Press. p. 165. ISBN 978-0-521-58608-5. 
  3. ^ a b c Kirsch, Johann Peter. "Saint Hermengild." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 7. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 28 Jan. 2013
  4. ^ a b c Frassetto, Michael (2003). Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe: Society in Transformation. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-57607-263-9. 
  5. ^ Gregory of Tours translated by Lewis Thorpe, History of the Franks (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1974,) page 302
  6. ^ "Hermenegild the Goth." Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon
  7. ^ Butler Alban. The Lives or the Fathers, Martyrs and Other Principal Saint, Volume 4 by the Revereand Alban Butler, D & J Sadlier and Company, 1864
  8. ^ "Lives of the Saints: For Every Day of the Year" edited by Rev. Hugo Hoever, S.O.Cist, Ph.D., New York: Catholic Book Publishing Co., (1955)

Sources[edit]

  • Walsh, Michael, ed. (1991). Butler's Lives of the Saints: Concise Edition, Revised and Updated. San Francisco: Harper. ISBN 0-06-069299-5. 
  • Innes, Matthew (2007). Introduction to Early Medieval Europe, 300-900. The sword, the plough and the book. Routledge. p. 552. ISBN 978-0-203-64491-1. 

External links[edit]