Heywood (UK Parliament constituency)

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Heywood
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of members one

Heywood was a county constituency in the county of Lancashire of the House of Commons for the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, it was represented by one Member of Parliament. The constituency was abolished in 1918.

Boundaries and History[edit]

This area had previously been represented as part of the South East Lancashire multi-seat division. The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 divided the former constituency into eight new single-member seats, one of which was designated South-East Lancashire, Heywood Division.[1]

The constituency comprised the Municipal Borough of Heywood, the cotton town of Ramsbottom, and a number of surrounding townships, namely: Ainsworth, Ashworth, Pilkington, Tottington Higher End and the rural part of the parish of Spotland.[2]

The constituency was mostly industrial but it included some agriculture. The town of Heywood was the most Liberal part of the constituency, having an engineering-based economy; Ramsbottom was more marginal politically. The countryside element of the constituency was Conservative inclined. Overall the division was Liberal 1885–1895, Liberal Unionist 1895–1904 and after a change of allegiance by the sitting MP was Liberal again from 1904 until the constituency was abolished in 1918.

The constituency adjoined Westhoughton to the west, Rossendale to the north, Middleton and Rochdale to the east as well as Radcliffe-cum-Farnworth, Bury, and another part of the Middleton constituency to the south.

The Representation of the People Act 1918 abolished this constituency. The successor seat was Heywood and Radcliffe.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Isaac Hoyle Liberal
1892 Thomas Snape Liberal
1895 George Kemp Liberal Unionist
1904 Liberal
1906 Sir Edward Hopkinson Holden, Bt Liberal
Jan 1910 Harold Thomas Cawley Liberal
1915 by-election Albert Holden Illingworth Liberal
1918 constituency abolished: see Heywood and Radcliffe

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Heywood [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Isaac Hoyle 4,538 53.4 n/a
Conservative James Kenyon 3,955 46.6 n/a
Majority 583 6.8 n/a
Turnout 91.6 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Heywood [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Isaac Hoyle 4,206 52.8
Conservative John Grant Lawson 3,762 47.2
Majority 444 5.6
Turnout 86.0
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Heywood [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Snape 4,366 53.8
Liberal Unionist Sir Henry Hayes Lawrence 3,745 46.2
Majority 621 7.6
Turnout 87.7
Liberal hold Swing
George Kemp
General Election 1895: Heywood [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist George Kemp 4,489 53.3 +7.1
Liberal Thomas Snape 3,933 46.7 -7.1
Majority 556 6.5 14.2
Turnout 90.2
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +7.1

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Heywood [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist George Kemp 4,657 51.2 -2.1
Liberal Edward Hopkinson Holden 4,431 48.8 +2.1
Majority 226 2.4 -4.2
Turnout 90.7 +0.5
Liberal Unionist hold Swing -2.1
Edward Holden
General Election 1906: Heywood [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Hopkinson Holden 5,351 55.8 +7.0
Liberal Unionist Mervyn Edward Manningham-Buller 4,245 44.2 -7.0
Majority 1,106 11.6 14.0
Turnout 91.7 +1.0
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +7.0

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Harold Cawley
General Election January 1910: Heywood [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Harold Thomas Cawley 5,809 55.0 -0.8
Conservative Mervyn Edward Manningham-Buller 4,750 45.0 +0.8
Majority 1,059 10.0 -1.6
Turnout 93.1 +1.4
Liberal hold Swing -0.8
General Election December 1910: Heywood [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Harold Thomas Cawley 5,430 53.9 -1.1
Conservative Robert A L Hutchinson 4,641 46.1 +1.1
Majority 789 7.8 -2.2
Turnout 88.8
Liberal hold Swing -1.1

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Albert Illingworth
Heywood by-election, 1915[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Albert Holden Illingworth unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schedule 7: Counties at Large, Number of Members and Names and Contents of Divisions, Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885 (C.23)
  2. ^ F A Youngs Jr., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.II: Northern England, London, 1991
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  10. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  11. ^ Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser 18 May 1914
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Sources[edit]

  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885–1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
  • Social Geography of British Elections 1885–1910. by Henry Pelling (Macmillan 1967)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886–1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume III 1919–1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)