A high-speed craft (HSC) is a high speed water vessel for civilian use, also called a fastcraft or fast ferry. The first high-speed craft were often hydrofoils or hovercraft, but in the 1990s catamaran and even monohull designs have become popular. Most high-speed craft serve as passenger ferries, but the largest catamarans and monohulls also carry cars and even buses and freight (e.g. Stena's HSS). The construction of the largest fast ferries, up to 127 metres, is dominated by two Australian companies, Austal of Perth and Incat of Hobart.
Hulled designs are often powered by pump-jets coupled to medium speed diesel engines. Hovercraft are usually powered by gas turbines or diesel engines driving propellors and impellors.
In accordance with SOLAS Chapter X Reg. 1.3, High Speed Crafts are crafts capable of a maximum speed, in metres per second (m/s), equal to or exceeding:
where: = volume of displacement in cubic metres corresponding to the design waterline, excluding craft of which the hull is supported clear above the water surface in non-displacement mode by aerodynamic forces generated by ground effect.
- Auto Express 86-class ferry
- Hawaii Superferry
- HSC Benchijigua Express, world´s largest civilian trimaran.
- HSC Dolphin Jet
- HSC Jonathan Swift
- HSC Lake Express (Lake Michigan)
- HSC Leonora Christina
- HSC Villum Clausen
- HSC KatExpress 1 One of three similar 112 metre Incat vessels on this route
- HSC Tarifa Jet
- HSV-2 Swift
- HMAS Jervis Bay (AKR 45)
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