High-speed craft

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SpeedFerries SpeedOne - a high-speed wavepiercer catamaran
FRS Tanger Jet II - a high-speed catamaran by Austal Ships
Pescara Jet - a high-speed catamaran by SNAV
Tarifa Jet - a high-speed wavepiercer catamaran by Incat

A high-speed craft (HSC) is a high speed water vessel for civilian use, also called a fastcraft or fast ferry. The first high-speed craft were often hydrofoils or hovercraft, but in the 1990s catamaran and monohull designs become more popular and large hydrofoils and hovercraft are no longer built. Most high-speed craft serve as passenger ferries, but the largest catamarans and monohulls also carry cars, buses, large trucks and freight.

In the 1990s there were a variety of builders, but many ship builders have withdrawn from this market so the construction of the largest fast ferries, up to 127 metres, has been consolidated to two Australian companies, Austal of Perth and Incat of Hobart. There is still a wide variety of builders for smaller fast catamaran ferries between 24 and 60 metres.

Hulled designs are often powered by pump-jets coupled to medium speed diesel engines. Hovercraft are usually powered by gas turbines or diesel engines driving propellers and impellers.

The design and safety of high-speed craft is regulated by the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention, Chapter 10, High Speed Craft (HSC) Codes of 1994 and 2000, adopted by the Maritime Safety Committee of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO).[1]

In accordance with SOLAS Chapter 10 Reg. 1.3, High Speed Crafts are crafts capable of a maximum speed, in metres per second (m/s), equal to or exceeding:

where: = volume of displacement in cubic metres corresponding to the design waterline, excluding craft of which the hull is supported clear above the water surface in non-displacement mode by aerodynamic forces generated by ground effect.

HSC Examples[edit]

Austal
Catamaran Ferries International
Dakota Creek Industries
es:Empresa Nacional Bazán
Fincantieri
IHI Corporation
Incat
Krasnoye Sormovo
Ocean Fast Ferries, Inc.
  • OceanJet 1
  • OceanJet 2
  • OceanJet 3
  • OceanJet 5
  • OceanJet 6
  • OceanJet 7
  • OceanJet 8
  • OceanJet 88
  • OceanJet 888
  • OceanJet 188
  • OceanJet 288
  • OceanJet 9
  • OceanJet 10
  • OceanJet 11
  • OceanJet 12
  • OceanJet 15
STX Finland
Supercat
  • St. Nuriel
  • St. Sealthiel
  • St. Emmanuel
  • St. Uriel
  • St. Jhudiel
  • St. Braquiel
  • St. Camael
  • St. Sariel
Westermoen Hydrofoil

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "High-Speed Craft (HSC)". www.imo.org. Retrieved 2 July 2017. 

External links[edit]