Hilarion Capucci (born 2 March 1922) is the retired titular archbishop of Caesarea for the Melkite Greek Catholic Church. He was born in Aleppo, Syria. During his time in office, he was an opponent of Israel, aligning himself with the Palestinians.
Arrest and imprisonment
On 18 August 1974 he was arrested by Israeli police for smuggling weapons into the West Bank in a Mercedes sedan. He was subsequently convicted by an Israeli court of using his diplomatic status to smuggle arms to the Palestine Liberation Army and sentenced to 12 years in prison.
Maximos V, the patriarch of the Melkite Church, was a vocal critic of Capucci's imprisonment. He was quoted as saying, "Is this Bishop reprehensible if he thought it was his duty to bear arms? If we go back in history we find other bishops who smuggled weapons, gave their lives and committed other illegal actions to save Jews from Nazi occupation. I do not see why a man who is ready to save Arabs should be condemned." Maximos also asserted that Israel had entered East Jerusalem illegally and against United Nations resolutions.
Capucci was among the prisoners whose release was demanded by Palestinian hijackers of the Kfar Yuval hostage crisis in 1975, and of German and Palestinian hijackers of Air France Flight 139 (the Entebbe hostage crisis), in 1976.
Negotiating the 1979 Iran hostage crisis
Capucci played a key role during the Iran hostage crisis. He made several visits to the hostages, and in early May 1980 he obtained the release of the bodies of the American soldiers who had died in the refueling accident during the rescue mission. Capucci also negotiated an agreement for the release of the hostages, but the plan collapsed because the French press published the story before the agreement had been approved by Iran's Parliament.
Opposition to the 2003 Iraq War
An opponent of the Iraq War, Capucci wrote the foreword for the book Neo-Conned!: Just War Principles a Condemnation of War in Iraq, by John Sharpe.
Participation aboard the 2009 Gaza aid ship
Participation in the 2010 Gaza flotilla
In May 2010 Capucci participated in Free Gaza Movement's aid flotilla to the Gaza Strip (see also Gaza flotilla raid). He was a passenger on MV Mavi Marmara, which was seized in the early hours of Monday 31 May by the Israeli Navy, with nine people killed and many injured. He was held in Beersheba prison and deported. During a reception for the return of the Mavi Marmara to Istanbul, he gave a speech to the assembly.
Honors by Muslim countries
- "Archbishop Hilarion Capucci, B.A.". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
- Zile, Dexter Van (2010), "Gun-Running Bishop On Flotilla", The Camera: Media Report 19 (2): 10–11, ISSN 1086-7503
- The rape of Palestine and the struggle for Jerusalem, Lionel I. Casper, Gefen Publishing House Ltd, 2003, ISBN 978-965-229-297-1
- Steve Weizman. "Israeli navy: Lebanese aid boat impounded". Google.com. Retrieved 2009-02-04.
- Felix Corley, "Obituary - Patriarch Maximos," The Independent, 5 July 2001, p. 6.
- Barry Rubin; Judith Colp Rubin (28 January 2015). Chronologies of Modern Terrorism. Routledge. p. 190. ISBN 978-1-317-47465-4.
- Simon Dunstan (January 2011). Entebbe: The Most Daring Raid of Israel's Special Forces. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-4488-1868-6.
- "The Montreal Gazette - Google News Archive Search". News.google.com. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- "Youngstown Vindicator - Google News Archive Search". News.google.com. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- "Archbishop who ran arms to PLO said aboard seized Gaza aid ship", Haaretz, February 5, 2009
- "Archbishop Capucci, the "monk" of the Palestinian issue". Arab-West Report. 2009.
- "Aboard MV Blue Marmara". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- "Israel moves to stop Gaza aid fleet", Al Jazeera, March 31, 2010
- "Israel to deport former Jerusalem Archbishop on board flotilla". Maan News Agency. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- Video, 9;00 min on YouTube retrieved Dec 27, 2010
- [dead link]
- Grzegorz Ignatowski, The arrest of Hilarion Capucci and the relations between the Holy See and the State of Israel