Holochlamys

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Holochlamys
Holochlamys beccarii DPR.png
Holochlamys beccarii
1908 illustration[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Alismatales
Family: Araceae
Subfamily: Monsteroideae
Tribe: Spathiphylleae
Genus: Holochlamys
Engl.
Binomial name
Holochlamys beccarii
(Engl.) Engl.
Synonyms[2]
  • Spathiphyllum beccarii Engl.
  • Holochlamys guineensis Engl. & K.Krause
  • Holochlamys elliptica Alderw.
  • Holochlamys ornata Alderw.
  • Holochlamys montana Gilli

Holochlamys is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the Araceae family. Holochlamys beccarii is the only species in the genus Holochlamys. It is native to New Guinea and the Bismarck Archipelago[2] and is found growing in mud near lowland streams or rocky streambeds at high elevations.

The species is primarily rheophytic and closely related to the genus Spathiphyllum. Holochlamys closely resemble Spathiphyllum except that in Holochamys the spathe clasps the spadix. Also, the inflorescence rots quickly after flowering which doesn't occur in Spathiphyllum. The inflorescence emerges below the foliage and has a white spathe and spadix. The spadix tends to be about the same length as the spathe and produces a leathery fruit. Contained within the fruit are very small seeds. The leaves can vary greatly in size, but they tend to be either oval or lanceolate.[3][4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Adolf Engler (d. 1930) - "Das Pflanzenreich" heft 37 (1908)
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  4. ^ Takeuchi, W. (2005). Floristic notes from a holocene successional environment in Papuasia. Harvard Papers in Botany 10: 95-116.
  5. ^ Bown, Deni (2000). Aroids: Plants of the Arum Family [ILLUSTRATED]. Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-485-7