Holy Trinity Church, Blythburgh

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Holy Trinity Church, Blythburgh
Holy Trinity church, Blyhburgh.jpg
Holy Trinity Church, Blythburgh
52°19′15.86″N 1°35′37.1″E / 52.3210722°N 1.593639°E / 52.3210722; 1.593639Coordinates: 52°19′15.86″N 1°35′37.1″E / 52.3210722°N 1.593639°E / 52.3210722; 1.593639
LocationBlythburgh
CountryEngland
DenominationChurch of England
History
DedicationHoly Trinity
Architecture
Heritage designationGrade I listed
Specifications
Length128 feet (39 m)
Height83 feet (25 m)
Administration
ParishBlythburgh
DeaneryHalesworth
ArchdeaconrySuffolk
DioceseDiocese of St Edmundsbury and Ipswich
ProvinceCanterbury

The Holy Trinity Church, Blythburgh is the parish church of the village of Blythburgh in the Suffolk Coastal area. It is part of the Church of England[1], and has been listed Grade I on the National Heritage List for England since December 1966.[2]

History[edit]

The parish church is dedicated to the Holy Trinity and known as the 'Cathedral of the Marshes'. Blythburgh was one of the earliest Christian sites in East Anglia. There was a church there in 654 to which the bodies of the East Anglian King Anna and his son, descendants of King Wehha, were brought after their deaths in battle at Bulcamp with the Mercian King Penda.

At the time of the Norman Conquest Blythburgh was part of the royal estate and had one of the richest churches in Suffolk, possibly a Saxon minster, with two daughter churches. It was probably the rich parent church that was granted by King Henry I to Augustinian canons some time between 1116 and 1147, becoming the priory of the Blessed Virgin Mary. A daughter church is likely to have been the predecessor of Holy Trinity. It was rebuilt in the 15th century. In the movement to dissolve the monasteries, the suppression of the priory was authorised in 1528 and it was dissolved in 1537, the reversion of the property being granted to local gentleman Sir Arthur Hopton[3] in 1548.

The church underwent a series of disasters, man-made and natural. The most dramatic of the latter variety came on 4 August 1577, when a storm hit the area, and during morning service lightning hit the church, "cleft the door, and returning to the steeple rent the timber, [and] brake the chimes". The falling spire damaged the font and the roof (which wasn't repaired until 1782), destroying the angels in the west end bays. The door shows marks, which have the appearance of burns caused by candle flames, which the credulous[who?] associate with the devil's fingerprints. They have been associated with the 'Black Shuck' legend, which is the title of a song by the Lowestoft rock group The Darkness which mentions Blythburgh in the lyrics.

During the 17th century Holy Trinity was badly damaged when Parliament set out to remove what the Puritans deemed to be superstitious ornamentation from churches; Blythburgh was assigned to William Dowsing, a local Puritan, and on 8 April 1644 he went to the church and ordered the removal of "twenty superstitious pictures, one on the outside of the church; two crosses, one on the porch and another on the steeple; and twenty cherubim to be taken down in the church and chancel... and gave order to take down above 200 more within eight days".

Angel from the ceiling of Holy Trinity

General neglect also played its part in the church's deterioration, resulting in part from rural poverty, and in part from the rise of Methodism (a Primitive Methodist chapel was founded in the village in the 1830s).

By the late 19th century the church was in a very poor state of repair, and in 1881 a restoration fund made possible the repair of the church, and then its maintenance after its reopening in 1884. The restoration was controversial with William Morris and his Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings opposed to the radical plans of the local building committee. Shortage of funds restricted the work that could be done. While the fabric was repaired, modern taste ruled out any return to the 15th-century colour scheme of the church; the thirty-six angels, set back to back in pairs on the arch-braced, firred, tie-beam roof had been brightly painted in red and green with much use made of tin foil and gold leaf. A modern reproduction is mounted above the south door.

The church has a two manual pipe organ by Bishop dating from 1951 which was almost completely rebuilt in 2003 by Rodney Briscoe. A specification of the organ can be found on the National Pipe Organ Register.[4]

In 1962 the acoustic value of the building was discovered by Benjamin Britten, and some of the concerts of the Aldeburgh Festival are performed in the church.

Parish status[edit]

The Parish of Blythburgh is part of the Sole Bay Team Ministry, along with the Parishes of:

Jack o' the Clock[edit]

The church is noted as having a jack o' the clock dated 1682. In 1840 this was standing on a ladder in the tower arch and it chimed the hours. Beneath it was this inscription : — " As the hours pass away, So doth the life of man decay."[5]

The Jack now stands on a shelf near the organ and is rung to signal the start of services.

Gallery[edit]

Notable burials[edit]

The grave of John Seymour Lucas in the churchyard

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Buildings of England: Suffolk. Nikolaus Pevsner.
  2. ^ Historic England, "Holy Trinity Church (1030710)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 5 December 2017
  3. ^ "Sir Arthur Hopton". Sole Bay Ministry. Retrieved 2007-07-03.
  4. ^ "The National Pipe Organ Register - NPOR".
  5. ^ The Reliquary and Illustrated Archaeologist,: A Quarterly Journal and Review... Llewellyn Frederick William Jewitt, John Charles Cox, John Romilly Allen. J. R. Smith., 1906
  • Alan Mackley, ed. The Restoration of Blythburgh Church, 1881-1906. The Dispute between the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings and the Blythburgh Church Restoration Committee Boydell, 2017.