Howard Sochurek

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Howard J. Sochurek
Portrait, possibly a self-portrait, of Howard Sochurek in Vietnam, 1 January 1955.jpg
Portrait, possibly a self-portrait, of Howard Sochurek in Vietnam, 1 January 1955
Born1924
Milwaukee
DiedApril 25, 1994(1994-04-25) (aged 69)
OccupationPhotographer
Years active1950–1990
Spouse(s)Tania Sochurek
AwardsRobert Capa Gold Medal

Howard Sochurek (27 November 1924 – 25 April 1994), was an American photojournalist.

Life and career[edit]

Howard J. Sochurek was born in 1924 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He graduated from Princeton University in 1942 then enlisted on December 1 that year to fight in the Second World War.

On return from war, Sochurek first found work with the Milwaukee Journal,[1] then in 1950 secured a position as staff photographer with Life magazine,[2] going on to work from their New York, Chicago, Detroit, New Delhi, Singapore and Paris offices, and for National Geographic,[3][4] photographing for stories on the Soviet Union, where in 1959 he covered a visit by Christian Dior fashion models to GUM, the ‘USSR’s premier department store’, on the Middle East, on nationalist Chinese ‘Boy Battalion’ soldiers in Formosa (1951), traveling also to Mongolia (1962) and Vietnam (1953).

At home, he photographed Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Robert Frost in 1957, Richard Nixon’s presidential election campaign (1960), Henry Kissinger, and black student activists with Martin Luther King Jr. (1960).

During the Korean War he was parachuted with the 187th Airborne RCT behind enemy lines to photograph American troops, and was sent in 1952 to cover the First Indochina War, documenting the French defeat at Battle of Dien Bien Phu,[5][6] and subsequently, the Vietnam War.[7][8][9][10]

Recognition[edit]

Howard Sochurek (1953) India: Willing hands bring progress. Image included in 'The Family of Man' exhibition and publication.

In 1955 Sochurek was awarded the first Robert Capa Gold Medal. His image India: Willing hands bring progress, showing silhouetted construction workers on scaffolding, was selected by Edward Steichen for MoMA's globally-touring The Family of Man exhibition, and Sochurek also documented the installation of the exhibition for publicity. Sochurek was the first photojournalist to receive the Harvard research sabbatical, the Nieman Fellowship in 1959.[11]

Contribution to medical imaging[edit]

Sochurek left Life in 1970 after two decades to work as a freelancer. On assignment for Life, Sochurek had been told to investigate advances in medical imaging. Seeing an opportunity, he secured a computer from NASA that had been used to produce images from the transmissions of spy and weather satellites,[12] becoming one of the first photographers to use computers to image, enhance and colourise X-ray and CT scans.[13] His reputation among medical circles grew, and many doctors and pharmaceutical and other medical companies used his photographs in textbooks and advertisements.[14]

In retirement, Sochurek settled in Boynton Beach, Florida. He died of liver cancer at the age of 69, in April 1994 in Miami at the Jackson Memorial Hospital, survived by his wife Tania and daughter Tania DeChiara.[15]

Publications[edit]

  • Sochurek, Howard (1988), Medicine's new vision, Mack Pub. Co, ISBN 978-0-912734-25-5
  • Sochurek, Howard; De Visser, John, (illus.) (1973), The new Russians, EMC Corp, ISBN 978-0-88436-000-1CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  • Sochurek, Howard; De Visser, John, (illus.) (1973), Lifelines for the new frontier, EMC Corp, ISBN 978-0-88436-006-3CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  • Sochurek, Howard; De Visser, John, (illus.) (1973), The first Siberians, EMC Corp, ISBN 978-0-88436-002-5CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  • Sochurek, Howard; De Visser, John, (illus.) (1973), Siberia at work, EMC Corp, ISBN 978-0-88436-004-9CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Popular Photography, Jan 1983, Vol. 90, No. 1, p.46. ISSN 1542-0337
  2. ^ Loengard, John (1998), Life photographers : what they saw, Little, Brown, ISBN 978-0-8212-2455-7
  3. ^ Cookman, Claude Hubert; Medill School of Journalism (2009), American photojournalism : motivations and meanings, Medill School of Journalism, Northwestern University Press, ISBN 978-0-8101-2358-8
  4. ^ Rayfield, Stanley (1957), Life photographers : their careers and favorite pictures, Doubleday, retrieved 8 September 2015
  5. ^ Walker, Frank (2009), The tiger man of Vietnam, Hachette Australia, ISBN 978-0-7336-2366-0
  6. ^ Morris, John G. (John Godfrey) (1998), Get the picture : a personal history of photojournalism (1st ed.), Random House, ISBN 978-0-679-45258-4
  7. ^ "Veteran news correspondent Howard Sochurek supported Galbraith’s cautionary view, warning President Kennedy against Diem and asserting that this ‘Dirty War’ was ‘rapidly becoming ours’". Jones, Howard (2003), Death of a generation : how the assassinations of Diem and JFK prolonged the Vietnam War, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-505286-2 p.165
  8. ^ Hickey, Gerald Cannon (2002), Window on a war : an anthropologist in the Vietnam conflict, Texas Tech University Press, ISBN 978-0-89672-490-7
  9. ^ ation Salemink, Oscar (2001), The ethnography of Vietnam's Central Highlanders : a historical contextualization, 1850-1990, Curzon, ISBN 978-0-7007-1570-1
  10. ^ Sochurek, Howard. 'American Special Forces in Action in Vietnam'. National Geographic, January 1965, p38—64
  11. ^ Popular Photography, Jan 1983, Vol. 90, No. 1, p.44. ISSN 1542-0337
  12. ^ Lister, Martin, 1947- (1995), The photographic image in digital culture, Routledge, p. 103, ISBN 978-0-415-12157-6CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ Sochurek, Howard (1988), Medicine's new vision, Mack Pub. Co, ISBN 978-0-912734-25-5
  14. ^ ‘At the same time that Life was publishing [Lennart] Nilsson, National Geographic was fostering the parallel career of the American photojournalist Howard Sochurek. A battlefield photographer in the Pacific during World War II, Sochurek developed an interest in medical photography and technical computer image processing in the 1980s. National Geographic’s January 1987 issue features Sochurek’s photographic essay in which, using himself as a subject, he discovered that the CT scanner had revealed glitch in his own system. The picture was a false alarm, though, and Sochurek continued experiencing and photographing images in every imaging mode. The high visual quality of Sochurek’s photographic prints give the deceptive impression that the map of the brain is almost filled out…’ Kevles, Bettyann (1997), Naked to the bone : medical imaging in the twentieth century, Rutgers University Press, ISBN 978-0-8135-2358-3
  15. ^ Obituaries: Howard Sochurek, A Photographer, 69, New York Times. Published: April 29, 1994 [1]