Hubble eXtreme Deep Field
The Hubble eXtreme Deep Field (XDF) is an image of a small part of space in the center of the Hubble Ultra-Deep Field (HUDF) within the constellation Fornax, showing the deepest optical view in space. While the HUDF is 2.4 arcminutes to an edge, the XDF is 2.3 arcminutes by 2 arcminutes, or approximately 80% the area of the HUDF.
Released on September 25, 2012, the XDF image compiled 10 years of previous images and shows galaxies from 13.2 billion years ago. The exposure time was two million seconds, or approximately 23 days. The faintest galaxies are one ten-billionth the brightness of what the human eye can see. Many of the smaller galaxies are very young galaxies that eventually became major galaxies, like the Milky Way and other galaxies in our galactic neighborhood.
The Hubble eXtreme Deep Field adds another 5,500 galaxies to those discovered in the Hubble Ultra-Deep Field.
XDF image shows mature galaxies in the foreground plane – nearly mature galaxies from 5 to 9 billion years ago – protogalaxies beyond 9 billion years.
- Moskowitz, Clara (September 25, 2012). "Hubble Telescope Reveals Farthest View Into Universe Ever". Space.com. Retrieved September 26, 2012.
- "Hubble Goes to the eXtreme to Assemble Farthest-Ever View of the Universe". NASA. 25 September 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
- "New 'extreme' Hubble telescope shows deepest view yet of night sky". The Times of India. 26 September 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hubble eXtreme Deep Field.|
- Media related to Galaxy at Wikimedia Commons
- Media related to Universe at Wikimedia Commons
- Hubblesite page
- XDF Project