Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester

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Hugh de Audley
1st Earl of Gloucester
De Audley Coat of Arms.jpg
Coat of Arms of Hugh de Audley
Born 1289[1][2]
Stratton Audley, Oxfordshire, England
Died 10 November 1347[2]
Kent, England
Title 1st Earl of Gloucester
Other titles Lord of the Manor of Chilton[3]
Lord of the Manor of Gratton
Spouse(s) Margaret de Clare[2][4]
Issue Margaret de Audley[2]
Parents Hugh de Audley, 1st Lord of Stratton Audley[4][2]
Isolt de Mortimer, Lady of the Manor of Eastingdon, Gloucestershire, and Thornbury, Herefordshire[4][2]

Hugh de Audley, 1st Baron Audley and 1st Earl of Gloucester (3rd Creation) (c. 1291 – 10 November 1347) was the second son of Sir Hugh de Audley, Lord Audley by Iseult de Mortimer and Great great grandson of King Henry II. He held many offices including Knight of Stratton in Stratton Audley, Oxfordshire, of Gratton, Staffordshire, the King's bachelor, Sheriff of Rutland, and was the English Ambassador to France in 1341.[1][5]


His father, Hugh I de Audley (ca. 1267 – ca. 1326), was from Stratton Audley in the English County of Oxfordshire.[5][2] His mother was Isolde (Iseult) (c. 1260 – 1336 or after[5]), daughter of Roger de Mortimer, 1st Baron Mortimer, a member of the Mortimer family of Marcher Lords, many of whom were Earl of March.[2] Isolde was the widow of Sir Walter de Balun.[5][2] Hugh de Audley and Isolde had two children in addition to Hugh, John de Audley, born circa 1293, and Alice de Audley, born circa 1304 who married firstly Ralph de Greystoke, 1st Baron Greystoke and later Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby[2]


Hugh de Audley was born in Stratton Audley in the English County of Oxfordshire. He married Margaret de Clare, widow of Piers Gaveston, 1st Earl of Cornwall), who was the favourite (and possibly lover) of King Edward II of England.[2][4] They had a daughter, Margaret de Audley (born c. 1318 in Stafford), who was abducted as a wife by Ralph Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford.[2][4] He served as High Sheriff of Rutland from 1316 to 1324 and again from 1327 to 1349.[6] Following his death, de Audley was buried in Tonbridge Priory.[4][2][6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Harrison, B.H. (2009). The Family Forest Descendants of Milesius of Spain for 84 Generations. The Family Forest National Treasure Edition. Kamuela, HI: Millicent Publishing Company, Inc.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Hammond, P. W. (1998). The Complete Peerage or a History of the House of Lords and All its Members From the Earliest Times, Volume XIV: Addenda & Corrigenda.
  3. ^ Page, W. (1927) Parishes: Chilton. A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 4. Ed. London, England: Victoria County History.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Weis, F. L., Sheppard, W. L., & Beall, W. R. (1999). The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215: The Barons Named in the Magna Charta, 1215, and Some of Their Descendants who Settled in America During the Early Colonial Years. Genealogical Publishing Com.
  5. ^ a b c d J. R. Maddicott, ‘Audley, Hugh, earl of Gloucester (c.1291–1347)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.
  6. ^ a b Fuller, T. (2013). The history of the worthies of England, Volume 3. Hardpress. ISBN 9781313240130.

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