Hungarian Grey

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Hungarian Grey
a group of long-horned grey-white cattle
Hungarian Grey cattle in Hortobágy National Park, in the Puszta
Conservation statusFAO (2007): not at risk[1]:55
Other names
  • Hungarian Steppe cattle
  • Magyar Szürke
Country of originHungary
Usedual-purpose, draught and beef
  • Male:
    800 kg[2]
  • Female:
    525 kg[2]
  • Male:
    150 cm[2]
  • Female:
    136 cm[2]
Skin colourslate-coloured, dark grey mucosa
Coatshades of grey, from silvery white to ash grey
Horn statuslong slender horns, round in cross-section
  • Cattle
  • Bos (primigenius) taurus

The Hungarian Grey (Hungarian: Magyar Szürke), also known as Hungarian Steppe Cattle,[3] is an ancient breed of domestic beef cattle indigenous to Hungary.[2][4]

The breed belongs to the group of Podolic cattle[5][6] and is well adapted to extensive pasture systems.


Gulyás herdsmen with Hungarian Grey cattle, lithograph by Sterio Károly (1821–1862)

The breed probably arrived with the ninth-century Hungarian immigration from the east to the Hungarian lowlands. In the Middle Ages and early modern times the breed was used as a draught animal but from 1861 has been bred for early maturity and its beef quality, being herded live to the markets of Europe. Nowadays Hungarian Grey cattle are kept mainly as tourist attractions in the Hortobágy National Park and other Hungarian national parks. Small herds may be found in a few other places, e.g. Bocfölde, Western Hungary. These herds serve as gene banks, due to their reported resistance to cattle diseases which affect more highly bred cattle types. By 1975 there were only 300 cows left in two herds, but numbers have since increased. The rebound in the cattles numbers is partially due to cryoconservation efforts put forth by the Hungarian government.[7]


Hungarian Grey cattle are slender and tall. The bulls reach a height of 145 to 155 cm and a weight of 800 to 900 kg, the cows 135 to 140 cm and 500 to 600 kg.

The colour ranges from silvery-white to ash-grey. As in other Podolic breeds, the calves are born wheat-coloured, and become grey at about three months old. Hungarian Grey cattle are robust, easy-calving and long-lived. Their horns are directed upward and are long and curved.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Barbara Rischkowsky, D. Pilling (eds.) (2007). List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, annex to The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Accessed May 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e Breed data sheet: Magyar Szürke/Hungary. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed May 2014.
  3. ^ Zootierliste (undated): "Hungarian grey cattle (Hungarian Steppe cattle)."
  4. ^ FAO study (2007); The state of agricultural biodiversity in the livestock sector, p.96. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
  5. ^ Imre Bodó, István Gera, Gábor Koppány, trans. Béla Borsos (2004). The Hungarian Grey Cattle Breed. Budapest: Magyar Szürke Szarvasmarhát Tenyésztôk Egyesülete.
  6. ^ László Bartosiewicz (1997). The Hungarian Grey cattle: a traditional European breed. Animal Genetic Resources Information (21): 49–60.
  7. ^ Solti, L., E.g. Crichton, N.m. Loskutoff, and S. Cseh. "Economical and Ecological Importance of Indigenous Livestock and the Application of Assisted Reproduction to Their Preservation." Theriogenology 53.1 (2000): 149-62. Web.