July 12, 1894|
Louisville, Kentucky, United States
|Died||August 23, 1968
Santa Monica, California, United States
|Resting place||Calvary Cemetery, Los Angeles|
|Occupation||Film producer, director, writer, publicist|
|Spouse(s)||Katherine Kerwin, ? – 1951 (her death)|
|Children||Hunt Stromberg Jr.|
|Awards||Academy awards: The Great Ziegfeld, Best Picture, 1936|
Hunt Stromberg (July 12, 1894 – August 23, 1968) was a film producer during Hollywood's Golden Age. In a prolific 30-year career beginning in 1921, Stromberg produced, wrote, and directed some of Hollywood's most profitable and enduring films, including The Thin Man series, the Nelson Eddy/Jeanette MacDonald operettas, The Women, and The Great Ziegfeld, which won the Academy Award for Best Picture of 1936.
Hunt Stromberg was born in Louisville, Kentucky in 1894. Leaving a career as a newspaper reporter and sports writer for the St. Louis Times, he followed an advertising friend into the motion picture industry prior to World War I, becoming publicity director for the Goldwyn Pictures Corporation in New York.
In 1918, the company sent Stromberg to California, where he developed an interest in filmmaking; by 1919 he had become the personal representative of industry pioneer Thomas H. Ince, and by 1921 he had written, produced and directed his first film. He promptly resigned from Ince's staff to form Hunt Stromberg Productions.
From his first independent film, The Foolish Age (1921), Stromberg quickly made his mark by turning out independent, low-budget films in increasing quantity and quality.
In 1922 Stromberg signed Bull Montana, a popular matinee idol, to a long-term contract to star in short comedies, and hired comedy director Mal St. Clair, who had worked with Mack Sennett and Buster Keaton. When Sid Grauman saw a rough cut of the resulting A Ladies' Man (1922), he immediately booked the film to premiere at his Million Dollar Theater in Los Angeles on April 30, 1922. Stromberg continued his string of successes with Breaking into Society (1923), which he wrote, produced and directed.
Stromberg joined newly formed Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1925 and became one of its key executives, listed as one of the studio's "Big Four" with Louis B. Mayer, Irving Thalberg, and Harry Rapf—later with Thalberg, David O. Selznick, and Walter Wanger.
He was the first production supervisor to get a "produced by" credit on-screen, well deserved considering his achievements. He produced:
- all of Jean Harlow's films
- Joan Crawford's breakthrough films
- Greta Garbo's first American film, Torrent (1926)
- the Nelson Eddy/Jeanette MacDonald operetta cycle
- the William Powell/Myrna Loy "Thin Man" series
as well as such prestige milestones as Academy Award-winning The Great Ziegfeld (1936), Marie Antoinette (1938), The Women (1939), and Pride and Prejudice (1940). At the height of his career, MGM was producing 52 films a year, or an average of one film a week, staying in the black despite the Great Depression.
Stromberg was one of the top ranked money makers of Hollywood, with a salary to match: US $8,000 a week, guaranteed. In 1937, he was included in management's inner circle and received an additional 1.5% of Loews Theaters profits. The Treasury Department listed Stromberg as one of the ten highest paid executives in the United States.
But there were substantial changes in those years. Thalberg died in 1936, while Selznick and Wanger left MGM in 1937, leaving Mayer in sole, hands-on control. There are conflicting interpretations of what caused the rift, but by the end of 1941 it was over: after 18 years Stromberg walked away from a contract worth millions, and Mayer let him go on February 10, 1942.
Hunt Stromberg was the first producer added to the Society of Independent Motion Picture Producers in 1942 after the group had been formed by Charlie Chaplin, Walt Disney, Samuel Goldwyn, Alexander Korda, Mary Pickford, David O. Selznick, Walter Wanger, and Orson Welles.
Confounding industry expectations, Stromberg launched his own independent production company, based at RKO's Encino movie ranch, in 1943 with the smash hit Lady of Burlesque, starring Barbara Stanwyck, which grossed $1.85 million.
His subsequent films were not as successful and he finally retired in 1951, in the same year his wife, Katherine Kerwin (1895–1951), died. An avid horseman and a shrewd businessman, Stromberg was independently wealthy by this time as well as a founding investor in Santa Anita Park and Hollywood Park Racetracks.
- The Flaming Forties (1924)
- Roaring Rails (1924)
- The Texas Trail (1925)
- The Prairie Pirate (1925)
- Torrent (1926)
- Our Dancing Daughters (1928)
- Thunder (1929)
- Call of the Flesh (1930)
- The Beast of the City (1932)
- Red Dust (1932), co-producer
- Eskimo (1933) co-producer
- Hide-Out (1934), co-producer
- The Painted Veil (1934)
- The Thin Man (1934)
- Naughty Marietta (1935), co-producer
- Ah, Wilderness! (1935), co-producer
- Wife vs. Secretary (1936), co-producer
- The Great Ziegfeld (1936)
- After the Thin Man (1936)
- Rose-Marie (1936)
- Maytime (1937), co-producer
- Night Must Fall (1937)
- Sweethearts (1938)
- Idiot's Delight (1939)
- Another Thin Man (1939)
- The Women (1939)
- Northwest Passage (1940)
- Susan and God (1940)
- Pride and Prejudice (1940)
- They Met in Bombay (1941)
- Lured (1947)
- Too Late for Tears (1949)
As director or screenwriter
- Roaring Rails (1924), screenwriter
- Soft Shoes (1925), screenwriter
- The White Sister (1933), director
- School of Information and Library Science (November 20, 2003). "The Golden Age of Hollywood: 1930s – 1940s". University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved June 25, 2009.
- Douglas Gomery (2008). "Hunt Stromberg". Advameg Inc. Retrieved June 25, 2009.
- J. A. Aberdeen (2005). "Hunt Stromberg". Excerpt from Hollywood Renegades. Cobblestone Entertainment. Retrieved June 25, 2009.
- Hal Erickson (2009). "Hunt Stromberg Biography". Macrovision Corporation. Retrieved June 25, 2009.
- "Hunt Stromberg, Filmmaker, Dead; Producer Was Among Big 4 of Early Days at M-G-M". The New York Times. August 25, 1968. Retrieved July 15, 2009. (Registration required (. ))
- Haber, Joyce (August 25, 1968). "Hunt Stromberg, Ex-Movie Producer, Dies". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 15, 2009. (Registration required (. ))