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呼延姓 - 楷体.svg
Pronunciation Hūyǎn (Pinyin)
Language(s) Chinese
Language(s) Xiongnu language
Derivation name of the earliest matrilineal ancestor of the Huyan clan

The Huyan (Chinese: 呼延; Wade–Giles: Hu-yen) was a noble house that led the last remnants of the Northern Xiongnu to Dzungaria during the second century after the Battle of the Altai Mountains. The House of Huyan is an earlier maternal lineage name subsequently replaced by Suibu, much as the Ashina (阿史那) and Yujiulu (郁久閭).[1][2][3] Mongolian Khiyad tribe's name is probably derived from Huyan.[4]

By the 3rd century BCE, the upper stratum of the Xiongnu was made up of five aristocratic houses, Luandi (攣鞮, house of the Chanyu and the Tuqi King of the east and west), Huyan (呼衍), Xubu (須卜) (later transcribed as Suibu), Qiulin (丘林) and Lan (蘭). Both the Huyan and Xubu settled in the east, Qiulin and Lan in the west and Luandi at the center of Mongolia.[1][2][5]

Prominent people with family name Huyan[edit]


  1. ^ a b Lin (1986), p. 33–45, 114-119
  2. ^ a b Wang (2004), p. 132–147,
  3. ^ Bichurin N.Ya., "Collection of information on peoples in Central Asia in ancient times", vol. 1, Sankt Petersburg, 1851, p. 15 ( note 1: Huyan and Suibu always were in marital relationship with Shanuy. Suibu had a post of the State Judge. The custom of taking for the Khan maidens only from the same houses also survived in the Chingis-khan's house.)
  4. ^ History of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, 2003
  5. ^ Gumilev L.N., "Hunnu in China", Moscow, 'Science', 1974


  • Lin, Gan (1986). A Comprehensive History of Xiongnu. Beijing: People's Press. CN / K289.
  • Wang, Zhonghan (2004). Outlines of Ethnic Groups in China. Taiyuan: Shanxi Education Press. ISBN 7-5440-2660-4.
  • Gumilev L.N., "Hunnu in China", Moscow, 'Science', 1974, ISBN 5-85990-092-9