Huyton (UK Parliament constituency)

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Huyton
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
19501983
Number of members one
Replaced by Knowsley South, Knowsley North, St Helens South and St Helens North[1]
Created from Widnes (north part of)

Huyton was a UK constituency. Created in 1950, it was centred on Huyton in Lancashire (later Merseyside), North West England, just beyond the borders of the city of Liverpool. Its only MP was frontbench Labour politician Harold Wilson who while representing the seat becoming party leader in 1963 and Prime Minister from 1964 to 1970 and from 1974 to 1976.

The constituency was dissolved under 1983 boundary changes — largely replaced by Knowsley South. This coincided with Wilson's retirement from parliament.[2]

Opposition parties[edit]

The Liberals ran a candidate in the constituency on its creation in 1950 but did not run one again until 24 years later in 1974, by which time Wilson had become Leader of the Labour Party and served two terms as Prime Minister. The party finished in third place in all the elections it contested in this seat. Wilson achieved an absolute majority save in the first two elections, the runner up party always a Conservative party candidate, polled best in 1951 — 48.7% of the vote.

Political forebears

The Widnes seat was in the early 20th century century a marginal seat, in the immediately preceding elections to 1950 won by the two largest parties, alternating.

Urbanisation[edit]

The seat was more suburban at a time of relatively low employment in the sub-region in the 1950s. Council housing and private sector construction of relatively smaller homes by the 1980s complimented the overwhelmingly semi-detached housing stock, downgrading the local housing stock during the seat's existence while solving the problem of chronic housing shortages in the city itself; a time when Merseyside expanded by a programme of home building and motorway building within the confines of Huyton and its suburbs moved further out particularly to the Wirral and other areas on the fringe of the new metropolitan county. The M57 was completed bisecting the area in 1974, so also the M62.[3][4]

Election expenses and type of returning officer[edit]

The seat was classified as a higher-level expenses and returning officer county constituency rather than a borough constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

1950-1974: The Urban Districts of Huyton-with-Roby and Prescot, and in the Rural District of Whiston the civil parishes of Eccleston, Kirkby, Knowsley, and Windle.

1974-1983: As above less Kirkby.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1950 Harold Wilson Labour
1983 Constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Huyton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rt Hon. James Harold Wilson 21,536 48.4 N/A
Conservative Sydney Smart 20,702 46.5 N/A
Liberal H Griffith Edwards 1,905 4.3 N/A
Communist Leo Joseph McGree 387 0.9 N/A
Majority 834 1.9 N/A
Turnout 44,530 85.0 N/A
Labour win (new seat)
General Election 1951: Huyton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rt Hon. James Harold Wilson 23,582 51.3 +2.9
Conservative Francis Leslie Neep 22,389 48.7 +2.2
Majority 1,193 2.6 +0.7
Turnout 45,971 84.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Huyton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rt Hon. James Harold Wilson 24,858 52.7 +1.4
Conservative William Geraint Oliver Morgan 22,300 47.3 -1.4
Majority 2,558 5.4
Turnout 47,158 78.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1959: Huyton[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rt Hon. James Harold Wilson 33,111 54.9 +2.2
Conservative George Bentley Woolfenden 27,184 45.1 −2.2
Majority 5,927 9.8
Turnout 60,295 77.9
Labour hold Swing +2.2

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Huyton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rt Hon. James Harold Wilson 42,213 63.9 +9.0
Conservative Harold Tucker 22,940 34.7 −10.4
Communist Anti-Revisionist Michael Claude Watkins Baker 899 1.4 N/A
Majority 19,273 29.2
Turnout 66,052 76.7
Labour hold Swing +9.7
General Election 1966: Huyton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rt Hon. James Harold Wilson 41,122 66.4 +2.5
Conservative Thomas Lyrian Hobday 20,182 32.6 −2.1
National Teenage Party David Edward Sutch 585 0.9 N/A
Majority 20,940 33.8 +4.6
Turnout 61,889 70.1
Labour hold Swing +2.3

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Huyton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rt Hon. James Harold Wilson 45,583 63.1 −3.3
Conservative John Nicholas McAlpine Entwistle 24,509 33.9 +1.3
Democratic John Walter Gerald Sparrow 1,232 1.7 N/A
Communist Joseph Ivor Kenny 890 1.2 N/A
Majority 21,074 29.1 −4.7
Turnout 72,214 70.1
Labour hold Swing −2.4
General Election February 1974: Huyton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rt Hon. James Harold Wilson 31,767 56.7
Conservative Thomas Yates Benyon 16,462 29.4
Liberal N Snowden 7,584 13.5
More Prosperous Britain Harold Smith 234 0.4
Majority 15,305 27.3
Turnout 56,047 77.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Huyton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rt Hon. James Harold Wilson 31,750 60.8 +4.1
Conservative William Peters 15,517 29.7 +0.3
Liberal Michael Paul Braham 4,956 9.5 −4.0
Majority 16,233 31.0
Turnout 52,223 71.1
Labour hold Swing +1.9
General Election 1979: Huyton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rt Hon. James Harold Wilson 27,449 51.9 −8.9
Conservative Garnet Harrison 19,939 37.7 +8.0
Liberal P Cottier 5,476 10.4 +0.9
Majority 7,510 14.2
Turnout 52,864 72.4
Labour hold Swing −8.5

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "'Huyton', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 23 March 2016. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ The Motorway Archive – M57 Dates Page
  4. ^ "M62: Queens Drive to Eccles". The Motorway Archive. Archived from the original on 14 January 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2007. 
  5. ^ [2]

Sources[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Belper
Constituency represented by the Leader of the Opposition
1963–1964
Succeeded by
Kinross and Perthshire West
Preceded by
Kinross and Perthshire West
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1964–1970
Succeeded by
Bexley
Preceded by
Bexley
Constituency represented by the Leader of the Opposition
1970–1974
Succeeded by
Sidcup
Preceded by
Sidcup
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1974–1976
Succeeded by
Cardiff South East