In histopathological medical usage, a hyaline substance appears glassy and pink after being stained with haematoxylin and eosin—usually it is an acellular, proteinaceous material. An example is hyaline cartilage, a transparent, glossy articular joint cartilage.
Some mistakenly refer to all hyaline as hyaline cartilage; however, hyaline applies to other material besides the cartilage itself.
Ichthyology and entomology
In botany hyaline refers to thin and translucent plant parts, such as the margins of some sepals, bracts and leaves.
- Hyaline arteriolosclerosis
- Hyaloid canal, which passes through the eye
- Infant respiratory distress syndrome, previously known as hyaline membrane disease
- Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, 19th Edition. Donald Venes ed. 1997 F.A. Davis. Page 1008.