|Manufacturer||Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnologicas|
|First flight||17 September 1959|
The IPT-16 Surubim was a Brazilian single-seat, single engined experimental light aircraft. A single example was built and flown in 1959.
Design and development
In 1949, Joseph Kovács, a Hungarian-born aircraft engineer working at the Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnologicas (IPT) (Institute of Technical Research) of the University of São Paulo proposed to design and build an experimental high performance light aircraft powered by a surplus Hirth HM 506 engine that had been imported into Brazil before the Second World War for use in an unbuilt aircraft design. The IPT, however, was busy on other projects, and so did not back Kovács' proposed design, so Kovács, together with fellow IPT engineer Sylvio de Oliveira started construction of the design, named "Surubim" (little devil), in a rented workshop.
The Surubim was a low-winged monoplane with a retractable tailwheel undercarriage of all wooden construction with plywood skinning, using Brazilian Pine and Freijo, two indigenous woods. The wings were fitted with trailing edge flaps and fixed leading edge slots. The pilot sat in an enclosed cockpit.
When Kovács left IPT in 1951, de Oliveira continued work on the prototype, which was acquired by the IPT in 1953 for use as a flying test bed, gaining the designation IPT-16. Construction of the prototype continued at a slow pace, with the prototype being shown at an exhibition in São Paulo in 1956, but remained unflown for several more years.
The IPT-16 finally made its maiden flight on 17 September 1959. Despite being underpowered and using a fixed pitch wooden propeller, performance was good, reaching a level speed of 340 km/h (210 mph) and 500 km/h (310 mph) in a dive. It was used by the IPT for three years, after which it was transferred to the Rio Clara City Aero Club for use as an aerobatic aircraft, where it remained in use until at least 1977.
Data from Brazilian 'Little Devil'
- Crew: 1
- Length: 6.95 m (22 ft 10 in)
- Wingspan: 7.70 m (25 ft 3 in)
- Height: 2.1 m (6 ft 11 in) 
- Wing area: 7.70 m2 (82.9 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 499 kg (1,100 lb)
- Gross weight: 700 kg (1,543 lb)
- Fuel capacity: 120 L (26 imp gal; 32 US gal)
- Powerplant: 1 × Hirth HM 506A 6-cylinder air-cooled inverted inline, 120 kW (160 hp)
- Maximum speed: 340 km/h (211 mph; 184 kn)
- Range: 700 km (435 mi; 378 nmi)
- Bridgman 1953, p. 42.
- Pereira Air International December 1977, p. 299.
- "PT IPT-16 Surubim, PP-ZDB, Museu Aeroespacial". Air-Britain Photographic Images Collection. Air Britain (Historians). Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- "MUSAL REABRE HANGARES E INCORPORA AERONAVE HISTÓRICA". Museu Aeroespacial. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- Bridgman, Leonard (1953). Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1953–54. London: Jane's All The World's Aircraft Publishing Company.
- Pereira, Roberto (December 1977). "Brazilian 'Little Devil'". Air International 13 (6): pp. 299–300.
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