Amdang language

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"Mimi language" redirects here. For other uses, see Mimi language (disambiguation).
sìmí amdangtí
Native to Chad, Sudan
Region Wadi Fira
Ethnicity Amdang people
Native speakers
41,000 (2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 amj
Glottolog amda1238[2]
Amdang map.png
Language map of Amdang.

Amdang AKA Biltine (autonym: sìmí amdangtí) is a language closely related to Fur, which together constitute a branch of the Nilo-Saharan family. It is mainly spoken in Chad north of Biltine, and sporadically elsewhere in Ouaddaï. There are also small colonies of speakers in Darfur near Woda'a and Fafa, and in Kordofan in the Abu Daza district and at Magrur north of Bara. Most of the ethnic group now speaks Arabic.

The language is also called Mimi, Mima, or Biltine; the name "Mimi", however, is also applied to two extinct Maban languages of the area, Mimi of Nachtigal and Mimi of Decorse.


  • Paul Doornbos & M. Lionel Bender. 1983. "Languages of Wadai-Darfur", in ed. M. Lionel Bender, Nilo-Saharan Language Studies, African Studies Center, Michigan State University
  • Joseph Greenberg. 1972. "On the identity of Jungraithmayr's Mimi", Africana Marburgensia 5.2: 45-49. Mouton, The Hague.
  • H. Jungraithmayr. 1971. "How many Mimi Languages are there?", Africana Marburgensia 4.2: 62-69.
  • H. MacMichael. 1967 (1922). A History of the Arabs in the Sudan. Barnes and Noble, New York.
  • H. Carbou. 1912. La Région du Tchad et du Ouadai. Leroux, Paris.
  • M. Gaudefroy-Demombynes. 1907. Documents sur Les Langues de l'Oubangui–Chari, Actes du XIVe Congres des Orientalistes (Alger 1905). Paris.


  1. ^ Amdang at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Amdang". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.