Ian Henderson (police officer)
Ian Stuart McWalter Henderson, also Ian Stewart McWalter Henderson and Ian Stewart MacWalter Henderson (1927 – 13 April 2013) was a British citizen known for his role in resolving the Mau Mau crisis in Kenya in the late 1950s and for managing the Bahraini General Directorate for State Security Investigations from 1966–1998. Henderson was dubbed the Butcher of Bahrain due to torture and the numerous human rights violations that were alleged to have taken place under his command there, especially during 1990s uprising in Bahrain.
Henderson was born in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, in 1927 but grew up among the Kikuyu in Kenya and lived most of his life overseas. He served as a Colonial Police Officer in Kenya during the 1950s and was famed for his role in capturing Mau Mau rebel leader Dedan Kimathi, about which he wrote the book, The Hunt for Kimathi, also published under the title Man Hunt in Kenya by Doubleday. In 1954 Henderson was awarded the George Medal, the second-highest award for bravery not in combat, and later a bar to the George Medal, for suppressing the Mau Mau uprising. "Ian Henderson has probably done more than any single individual to bring the Emergency to an end" wrote General Sir Gerald Lathbury when he left Kenya in 1957.
After independence, he was deported from Kenya and moved to Bahrain. He was employed as the head of the General Directorate for State Security Investigations in Bahrain for some 30 years, retiring from his position in February 1998. He was accused of complicity in torture during the period of protracted social unrest of 1990s uprising in Bahrain, leading to an investigation by British authorities in 2000. The investigation was concluded in August 2001 and no charges were filed, despite thorough documentation by Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch of the torture. He always denied any involvement in torture, despite the release of the documentary "Blind Eye to the Butcher" which contains evidence and interviews with the disfigured torture victims who identify Ian Henderson.
While the chief of the Bahrain police, Ian Henderson personally interviewed North Korean agent Kim Hyon-hui and her accomplice Kim Seung-il. The pair had travelled to Bahrain posing as Japanese tourists after planting a bomb on Korean Air Flight 858. Henderson managed to prevent Hyon-hui from taking a cyanide pill secreted in a cigarette she was carrying.
Ian Henderson was honoured by Queen Elizabeth II with the OBE (1984), George Medal (1954) (and Bar (1955)) and the King's Police and Fire Services Medal (1953). He was honoured by Government of Bahrain with The Order of Shaikh 'Isa bin Salman al-Khalifa (Wisam al-Shaikh 'Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa) Exceptional Class (2000), The Order of Bahrain (Wisam al-Bahrein) 1st Class (1983) and The Medal of Military Merit (Wissam al-Khidmat al-Askari) 1st Class (1982).
Ian Henderson died on 13 April 2013 at the age of 86.
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- "Supplement to the London Gazette". The London Gazette (40592). 23 September 1955. p. 5416.
- "Second Supplement to the London Gazette". The London Gazette (40287). 24 September 1954. p. 5505.
- "Obituaries: Ian Henderson". The Daily Telegraph. 22 April 2013.
- Merrill, Jamie (10 March 2015). "Government refuses to release details of relationship with authoritarian Bahrain". The Independent. Retrieved 21 May 2015.
- Greenwald, Glenn (21 May 2015). "In the Same Week, the U.S. and U.K. Hide Their War Crimes by Invoking "National Security"". The Intercept. Retrieved 21 May 2015.
- "UK probes Bahrain torture claims". BBC News. 7 January 2000.
- Henderson, Ian; Goodhart, Philip (1958). The Hunt for Kimathi. Hamish Hamilton.
- "Book review of Man Hunt in Kenya". CIA. 22 September 1993.
- Henderson & Goodhart 1958, p. 267.
- "New security chief appointed in Bahrain". BBC News. 20 February 1998.
- "United Kingdom: Amnesty International welcomes investigation into Henderson's role in torture in Bahrain". Amnesty International. 7 January 2000.
- "Is the UK facing up to Bahrain's past?". BBC News. 16 April 2003.
- "The Interrogation of Kim Hyun Hee". Far Outliers. 16 October 2005.
- "Supplement to the London Gazette". The London Gazette (39863). 26 May 1953. p. 2991.
- "Amiri Decree No 11 of the Year 2000", Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Bahrain, 15 March 2000
- "Amiri Decree No 3 of the Year 1983", Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Bahrain
- "Amiri Decree No 1 of the Year 1982", Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Bahrain, 16 January 1982
- Obituary: Ian Henderson, The Times (29 May 2013)
- Orders, Decorations, Campaign Medals and Militaria, Spink (21 July 2011), pp. 8–10