|Other names||Hoe 140, JE 049|
|CompTox Dashboard (EPA)|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||1304.54 g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
|(what is this?)|
Icatibant, sold under the brand name Firazyr, is a medication for the symptomatic treatment of acute attacks of hereditary angioedema (HAE) in adults with C1-esterase-inhibitor deficiency. It is not effective in angioedema caused by medication from the ACE inhibitor class.
Mechanism of action
Bradykinin is a peptide-based hormone that is formed locally in tissues, very often in response to a trauma. It increases vessel permeability, dilates blood vessels and causes smooth muscle cells to contract. Bradykinin plays an important role as the mediator of pain. Surplus bradykinin is responsible for the typical symptoms of inflammation, such as swelling, redness, overheating and pain. These symptoms are mediated by activation of bradykinin B2 receptors. Icatibant acts as a bradykinin inhibitor by blocking the binding of native bradykinin to the bradykinin B2 receptor. Little is known about the effects of icatibant on the bradykinin B1 receptor.
In the EU, the approval by the European Commission (July 2008) allows Jerini to market Firazyr in the European Union's 27 member states, as well as Switzerland, Lichtenstein and Iceland, making it the first product to be approved in all EU countries for the treatment of HAE. In the US, the drug was granted FDA approval on August 25, 2011.
- Ecallantide, another drug for the treatment of HAE
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- Sinert R, Levy P, Bernstein JA, Body R, Sivilotti ML, Moellman J, et al. (September–October 2017). "Randomized Trial of Icatibant for Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor-Induced Upper Airway Angioedema". The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. In Practice. 5 (5): 1402–1409.e3. doi:10.1016/j.jaip.2017.03.003. PMID 28552382.
- "Icatibant Spares Invasive Airway Maneuver for Angioedema". Medscape. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
- Cole SW, Lundquist LM (January 2013). "Icatibant for the treatment of hereditary angioedema". The Annals of Pharmacotherapy. 47 (1): 49–55. doi:10.1345/aph.1R423. PMID 23249729. S2CID 20851631.
- Longhurst HJ (September 2010). "Management of acute attacks of hereditary angioedema: potential role of icatibant". Vascular Health and Risk Management. 6: 795–802. doi:10.2147/vhrm.s4332. PMC 2941790. PMID 20859548.
- "FDA Approves Shire's FIRAZYR (icatibant injection) for Acute Attacks of Hereditary Angioedema (HAE)" (Press release). Shire. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- "Icatibant". Drug Information Portal. U.S. National Library of Medicine.