From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
First edition of Icehenge, published by Ace Books as a Mass Market paperback, with cover art by Mark Weber
Author Kim Stanley Robinson
Cover artist Mark Weber
Country United States
Language English
Genre Science fiction novel
Publisher Ace Books
Publication date
Media type Print (Paperback)
Pages 262
ISBN 0-441-35854-3
OCLC 11191345

Icehenge is a science fiction novel by American author Kim Stanley Robinson, published in 1984.

Though it was published almost ten years before Kim Stanley Robinson's Mars trilogy and takes place in a different version of the future, Icehenge contains elements which also appear in the Mars series: extreme human longevity, Martian political revolution, historical revisionism, and shifts between primary characters.


Icehenge is set at three distinct time periods, and told from the perspective of three different characters.

The first narrative is the diary of an engineer caught up in a Martian political revolution in 2248. Effectively kidnapped aboard a mutinous Martian spaceship, she provides assistance to the revolutionaries in their quest for interstellar travel, but ultimately chooses not to travel with them but to return to the doomed revolution on Mars.

The second narrative is told from the perspective of an archaeologist three centuries later. He is involved in a project investigating the failed revolution, and during this finds the engineer's diary buried near the remains of a ruined city. At the same time, a mysterious monument is found at the north pole of Pluto, tying up with a passing mention in the engineer's diary.

In the final narrative, the great-grandson of the archaeologist visits the monument on Pluto, a scaled-up version of Stonehenge carved in ice. He is investigating the possibility that both the diary and the monument were planted by a reclusive and wealthy businesswoman who lives in Saturn orbit.

Development history[edit]

The first part of this novel was originally published as the novella To Leave a Mark in the November 1982 issue of The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction'.[1]

The third part of Icehenge was originally published as the novella On the North Pole of Pluto in 1980 in the anthology Orbit 18 edited by Damon Knight.[2] Robinson gave the novella in rough form to Ursula K. Le Guin to read and edit while he was enrolled in her writing workshop at UCSD in the spring of 1977.[3] Views of Saturn from the space station inhabited by the character Caroline Holmes in this section were inspired by images of Saturn taken during the Voyager flybys.[4]

Publication history[edit]


  1. ^ Robinson, Kim Stanley (November 1982). "To Leave a Mark". The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction. 63 (5): 5–54. 
  2. ^ Robinson, Kim Stanley (1980). "On the North Pole of Pluto". In Damon Knight. Orbit 21. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-012426-1. 
  3. ^ Robinson, Kim Stanley (2010). "Untitled". In Karen Joy Fowler. 80! Memories & Reflections on Ursula K. Le. Seattle: Aqueduct Press. p. 18. ISBN 978-1-933500-43-0. 
  4. ^ Robinson, Kim Stanley (2006). "Saturn Sublime". Saturn: A New View. New York: Abrams. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-8109-3090-2. 

External links[edit]