First edition of Icehenge, published by Ace Books as a Mass Market paperback, with cover art by Mark Weber
|Author||Kim Stanley Robinson|
|Cover artist||Mark Weber|
|Genre||Science fiction novel|
|Media type||Print (Paperback)|
Though it was published almost ten years before Kim Stanley Robinson's Mars trilogy and takes place in a different version of the future, Icehenge contains elements which also appear in the Mars series: extreme human longevity, Martian political revolution, historical revisionism, and shifts between primary characters.
Icehenge is set at three distinct time periods, and told from the perspective of three different characters.
The first narrative is the diary of an engineer caught up in a Martian political revolution in 2248. Effectively kidnapped aboard a mutinous Martian spaceship, she provides assistance to the revolutionaries in their quest for interstellar travel, but ultimately chooses not to travel with them but to return to the doomed revolution on Mars.
The second narrative is told from the perspective of an archaeologist three centuries later. He is involved in a project investigating the failed revolution, and during this finds the engineer's diary buried near the remains of a ruined city. At the same time, a mysterious monument is found at the north pole of Pluto, tying up with a passing mention in the engineer's diary.
In the final narrative, the great-grandson of the archaeologist visits the monument on Pluto, a scaled-up version of Stonehenge carved in ice. He is investigating the possibility that both the diary and the monument were planted by a reclusive and wealthy businesswoman who lives in Saturn orbit.
The third part of Icehenge was originally published as the novella On the North Pole of Pluto in 1980 in the anthology Orbit 18 edited by Damon Knight. Robinson gave the novella in rough form to Ursula K. Le Guin to read and edit while he was enrolled in her writing workshop at UCSD in the spring of 1977. Views of Saturn from the space station inhabited by the character Caroline Holmes in this section were inspired by images of Saturn taken during the Voyager flybys.
- 1984, United States, Ace Books ISBN 0-441-35854-3, Pub date 1984, paperback
- 1985, United Kingdom, Futura Orbit ISBN 0-7088-8166-1, Pub date December 1985, paperback
- 1986, United Kingdom, MacDonald ISBN 0-356-12402-9, Pub date October 1986, hardback
- 1986, France, Denoël ISBN 2-207-30425-6, Pub date September 1986, paperback
- 1986, Italy, Editrice Nord ISBN 88-429-0171-7, Pub date 1986, paperback
- 1987, West Germany, Bastei-Lübbe ISBN 3-404-24092-8, Pub date 1987, paperback
- 1990, United States, Tor Books ISBN 0-8125-0267-1, Pub date September 1990, paperback
- 1997, United Kingdom, Voyager ISBN 0-00-648255-4, Pub date 15 September 1997, paperback
- 1997, Croatia, Zagrebačka naklada ISBN 953-6234-26-2, Pub date 1997, paperback
- 1997, Bulgaria, Лира Принт ISBN 954-8610-18-3, Pub date 1997, paperback
- 1998, United States, Tor Orb ISBN 0-312-86609-7, Pub date July 1998, paperback
- 2001, People's Republic of China, 漓江出版社 ISBN 7-5407-2610-5, Pub date 2001, paperback
- 2003, France, Gallimard ISBN 2-07-031304-2, Pub date December 2003, paperback
- 2004, Spain, Minotauro ISBN 84-450-7495-4, Pub date 9 March 2004, paperback
- 2009, United Kingdom, Voyager ISBN 978-0-00-733674-6, Pub date 1 August 2009, paperback
- Robinson, Kim Stanley (November 1982). "To Leave a Mark". The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction. 63 (5): 5–54.
- Robinson, Kim Stanley (1980). "On the North Pole of Pluto". In Damon Knight. Orbit 21. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-012426-1.
- Robinson, Kim Stanley (2010). "Untitled". In Karen Joy Fowler. 80! Memories & Reflections on Ursula K. Le. Seattle: Aqueduct Press. p. 18. ISBN 978-1-933500-43-0.
- Robinson, Kim Stanley (2006). "Saturn Sublime". Saturn: A New View. New York: Abrams. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-8109-3090-2.
- The work of disenchantment never ends: Kim Stanley Robinson’s Icehenge by Jo Walton
- Icehenge title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database