Dutywa

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Dutywa
Idutywa
The N2 about to enter Idutywa
The N2 about to enter Idutywa
Dutywa is located in Eastern Cape
Dutywa
Dutywa
Dutywa is located in South Africa
Dutywa
Dutywa
Dutywa is located in Africa
Dutywa
Dutywa
 Dutywa shown within Eastern Cape
Coordinates: 32°06′S 28°18′E / 32.100°S 28.300°E / -32.100; 28.300Coordinates: 32°06′S 28°18′E / 32.100°S 28.300°E / -32.100; 28.300
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District Amathole
Municipality Mbhashe
Established 1858
Area[1]
 • Total 20.83 km2 (8.04 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 11,076
 • Density 530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 96.6%
 • Coloured 1.3%
 • Indian/Asian 0.7%
 • White 1.1%
 • Other 0.4%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Xhosa 91.6%
 • English 3.3%
 • Other 5.1%
Postal code (street) 5000
PO box 5000
Area code 047

Dutywa (formerly Idutywa)[2] is a town in the Eastern Cape of South Africa, formerly part of the Transkei bantustan. It is the birthplace of Thabo Mbeki, who became President of South Africa in 1999.[3] It is 35 kilometres north of Gcuwa (formerly known as Butterworth) on the N2 road.[4] Dutywa is the seat of the Mbhashe Municipality in the Amatole District.[5]

History[edit]

The town was founded in 1858 as a military fort after a dispute between a Natal Colony raiding party and local people.[6] It is named after the Dutywa River, a tributary of the Mbhashe River.[7] The name means "place of disorder" in the Xhosa language.[6][8] Its spelling was officially changed from "Idutywa" to "Dutywa" on 16 July 2004.[9] The settlement was laid out in 1884 and was made a municipality in 1913.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Dutywa". Census 2011. 
  2. ^ Jenkins, Elwyn (2007), Falling into place: the story of modern South African place names, David Philip Publishers, p. 75 
  3. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica: Thabo Mbeki
  4. ^ Pinchuck, Tony (2002). South Africa. Rough Guides. p. 425. ISBN 1-85828-853-3. 
  5. ^ "Routes Travel Info Portal: Idutywa". Retrieved 2008-09-30. 
  6. ^ a b Wild Coast Towns: Idutywa
  7. ^ Dictionary of Southern African Place Names
  8. ^ a b "Idutywa". Routes Travel Info Portal. Retrieved 2008-01-17. 
  9. ^ Mlambo-Ngcuka, Phumzile (as Minister of Arts and Culture) (16 July 2004). "Approval of official place names". Government Gazette (Pretoria: Government Printer). 26552: 9–11.