Ignatius Ephrem II Rahmani

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Mar

Ignatius Ephrem II Rahmani
Patriarch of Antioch
Rahmani1.jpg
ChurchSyriac Catholic Church
SeePatriarch of Antioch
Installed9 October 1898
Term ended7 May 1929
PredecessorIgnatius Behnam II Benni
SuccessorIgnatius Gabriel I Tappuni
Orders
OrdinationApril 1873 (Priest)
Consecration2 Oct 1887 (Bishop)
by George V Shelhot
Personal details
Birth nameEphrem Rahmani
Born21 November 1848
Mosul, Iraq
Died7 May 1929(1929-05-07) (aged 80)
Cairo, Egypt
ResidenceBeirut

Mar Ignatius Dionysius Ephrem II Rahmani (21 November 1848 – 7 May 1929) was Patriarch of the Syriac Catholic Church from 1898 to 1929 and a Syriac scholar.

Life[edit]

Ephrem Rahmani was born on 21 November 1848[1] (or on 9 November 1849 according to other sources[2]) in Mosul. He studied by the Dominican friars in Mosul and later in the College of the Propaganda in Rome and was ordained priest in April 1873.

Rahmani was appointed vicar of the bishop of Mosul with the titular title of bishop of Edessa and consecrated bishop on 2 October 1887 by Patriarch Ignatius George V Shelhot. On 1 May 1894 Rahmani was appointed bishop of Aleppo. After the death of Ignatius Behnam II Benni (13 September 1897) he was elected Patriarch on 9 October 1898 and confirmed by Pope Leo XIII on 28 November 1898.

As patriarch Rahmani was particularly interested in the instruction of the clergy. The early 20th-century was a period of expansion for the Syriac Catholic Church who received many Syriac Orthodox converts.[3] In 1910[citation needed] he moved the Patriarchal See from Mardin to Beirut.

With the World War I arrived the catastrophe: the Armenian Genocide brought destruction also to the Christian Syrians who lived in the same areas of the Armenians, and the Syriac Catholic Church had the number of its members cut by half[4] with five dioceses (on ten) and fifteen missions destroyed.

Ephrem Rahmani died in Cairo on 7 May 1929.[5]

Works[edit]

Ephrem Rahmani was a liturgical scholar of international repute.[3] In 1899 he discovered and published the first edition of the 4th-century text Testamentum Domini. His main contribution on the history of the liturgy is his book Les Liturgies Orientales et Occidentales, Beyrouth, 1929

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Archbishop Ignacio Dionisio Efrem Rahmani (Rahamani)". Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved 2009-03-01.
  2. ^ "البطريرك أغناطيوس أفرام الثاني رحماني". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2009-03-01.
  3. ^ a b King, Archdale (1997) [1947/8]. The Rites of Eastern Christendom. pp. 75–76. ISBN 978-1-59333-391-1.
  4. ^ Frazee, Charles A. (2006). Catholics and Sultans: The Church and the Ottoman Empire 1453–1923. Cambridge University Press. p. 295. ISBN 978-0-521-02700-7. Retrieved 2009-02-25.
  5. ^ "Patriarchal See of Antioch". GCatholic.org. Retrieved 2009-02-28.

Sources[edit]