Inez Knight Allen
|Amanda Inez Knight Allen|
September 8, 1876|
Payson, Utah Territory, United States
|Died||June 5, 1937
Provo, Utah, United States
|Resting place||Provo City Cemetery|
|Alma mater||Brigham Young Academy|
|Spouse(s)||Robert Eugene Allen|
Amanda McEwan Knight
Amanda Inez Knight Allen (September 8, 1876 – June 5, 1937) was a Mormon missionary and a Utah politician. In 1898, she became one of the first two single women to be missionaries for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
Amanda Inez Knight was born near Payson, Utah Territory, to Jesse Knight and his wife Amanda McEwan. She was born the 4th of five children; her siblings included brothers Raymond and J. Will Knight and sisters Jennie Knight Mangum and Ione Knight Jordan. The family moved to Provo and Inez Knight enrolled in Brigham Young Academy. By the age of 22, Knight had completed her studies at B.Y.A. and had moved to St. George, Utah, where she was involved in family genealogical research.
Missionary service in Great Britain
On April 1, 1898, Knight was set apart as one of the first two single women in the LDS Church to be formally selected as full-time church missionaries. The other was her childhood friend Jennie Brimhall. Jennie Brimhall and Inez Knight were missionary companions in England for a year, leaving Provo on April 2 arriving in England on April 28, 1898. As missionaries, Knight and Brimhall were frequently asked to speak at public meetings and distribute missionary tracts on the street. Because Knight and Brimhall were the first, and for a time only, lady missionaries serving Europe, they were often asked to travel throughout England to speak. In a letter to the Deseret Evening News, missionary Joseph S. Broadbent wrote that "Sisters Jennie Brimhall and Inez Knight, both of Provo, Utah, each spoke at some length on Utah and her people and bore strong testimonies on the restoration of the Gospel and the divine mission of Joseph Smith. There were about 800 people present and a pin could be heard drop."
Knight and Brimhall not only traveled extensively in England, but throughout other parts of Europe as well. Knight reported having spent "a month visiting the principal cities of France, Switzerland, Germany, Belgium, and Holland. Knight believed that one of her main purposes as a missionary was to dispel the belief, common throughout Europe, that Mormon women "were downtrodden slaves". Knight and the other missionaries were not always welcome, however. In February 1899, Knight was in attendance at a church meeting in Bristol when all of the windows were broken by anti-Mormon rioters. Knight, her companion, and the other missionaries had to seek protection from the local police. Although Jennie Brimhall returned to Utah in November 1898 due to poor health, Knight continued her mission until 1900 with several other companions, including Liza Chipman and J. Clara Holbrook, both from Utah. Due to the scarcity of lady missionaries, however, at times Knight served alone. She recorded in her journal one meeting in which "I was the only girl. I felt more conspicuous by the elders beginning their remarks; my brethren and sister." Areas in which Knight served included Cheltenham, London, Kent, and Bristol. Knight returned home from Britain in June 1900, after over two years service throughout Britain, Scotland, and Wales.
Personal life and community work
In June 1902, Knight married Robert Eugene Allen, a prominent local banker and community developer, in the Salt Lake City temple. Robert Allen was born on December 21, 1877, in Coalville, Utah, to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas L. Allen. Mr. Allen served an LDS mission in Liverpool, England, in 1905, and attended the Brigham Young Academy where he met Knight. They had five sons, including Robert K. Allen,Joseph Knight Allen, and Mark E. Allen.
After her marriage, Inez Allen was active in various areas within the church and the community. From 1927 until her death (10 years) she was a member of the Relief Society's general board. Allen was also extensively involved with Brigham Young Academy for several years following her mission to Great Britain. In 1900, just a few months after returning home, Allen was named matron for "Missionary Theology for Girls" of the Academy. Allen was the matron of the school for two years despite personal setbacks, which included falling ill with smallpox in October 1900. Allen helped initiate the community welfare department in Provo and was active in the Red Cross organization of Utah County.
Allen was frequently honored for her role as one of the first two single female missionaries for the LDS church. In 1934 she and Jennie Brimhall Knight were honored by Church President Heber J. Grant at a meeting of the Yesharah Society. In addition to her leadership in the Relief Society and membership in the Yesharah Society, Allen participated in various other activities and clubs, including the Nelke Reading Club.
Allen was also active in the Democratic Party in Utah, serving on various committees and in different offices as early as 1895 at the age of 19 years old. She was named a member of the executive committee of Governor George Dern's advisory council for unemployment relief in 1931. She served four years as a Democratic national committeewoman, during which time she attended two national conventions, one in New York in 1924 and the other in Houston, Texas in 1928. She once ran as a Democratic candidate for State Senate, and was endorsed by William Jennings Bryan and Heber J. Grant for the position. At times, Allen's political beliefs and religious views clashed. As a national committeewoman for the Democratic party, Inez Allen was a supporter of 1932 Democratic candidate Franklin D. Roosevelt. However, Allen opposed the repeal of the 18th Amendment, one of Roosevelt's platform planks. In 1924, Allen was a Utah delegate to the Democratic National Convention in Cleveland, Ohio. Because her husband was a Republican, Allen's political experiences were sometimes unique. For example, in 1924, Allen attended both the Democratic and Republican National Conventions, the first she attended as a Democratic national committeewoman, the second she attended with her husband, who was acting as a delegate from Utah. Additionally, Allen was elected to the National Women's Democratic Committee in 1828. Allen was frequently recognized and honored for her political efforts, and was named Utah's "Goddess of Liberty" at the 1898 or 1900 Provo Fourth of July Celebration.
In 1937, Allen died unexpectedly in her home in Provo, Utah, of gastritis. Her funeral was held June 9, 1937, and speakers included Dr. Franklin S. Harris, then President of BYU, and Stephen L. Richards of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (LDS Church). The funeral was large, with members of the Yesharah Society, Relief Society General Board, and faculty of BYU in attendance. She is buried at the Provo City Cemetery.
Inez Allen and her husband passed on a legacy of participation in local, state, and national politics to their children. Robert K. Allen served nationally as a U.S. Treasury agent from 1934 to 1945, working both in the United States and at the U.S. Embassy in Paris. He served locally as well, running for Provo City Council in 1961 and for mayor of Provo in 1965. Both Mrs. and Mr. Allen donated generous amounts of money to Brigham Young Academy. Inez Allen began donating as early as 1897. A year before her mission, she donated $10,000 to the institution, the only woman among the ten significant donors that year. As a donor, Allen was asked to give a speech at the 1897 ground-breaking ceremony of the new college building, again being the only woman invited to do so. A men's dormitory hall was named in honor of Mr. and Mrs. Knight in 1937.
- "Conference Addresses". Relief Society Magazine. 15 (1): 22–24. January 1928.
- "Jennie Brimhall Knight". Relief Society Magazine. 15 (12): 646–688. December 1928.
- "Relief Society Conference: Saturday Afternoon". Relief Society Magazine. 7 (6): 353–358. June 1920.
- Diane L. Mangum, "The First Sister Missionaries", Ensign, July 1980.
- "Women's Dormitory to be Named Amanda Knight Hall". The Sunday Herald. Provo, Utah. 6 November 1938. p. 4. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
- Broadbent, Joseph S. (21 May 1898). "Sisters in the British Mission". Deseret Evening News. Salt Lake City, Utah. p. 9. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "More Lady Missionaries: Well-Known Young Ladies of Provo go to England". The Salt Lake Herald. Salt Lake City, Utah. 3 April 1898. p. 6. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Miss Inez Knight Writes of her Experiences in Great Britain- Mobbed by Women". The Salt Lake Herald. Salt Lake City, Utah. 8 July 1900. p. 9.
- "Temple and Tabernacle". The Lehi Banner. Lehi, Utah. 18 February 1899. p. 1. Retrieved July 28, 2016.
- The Lehi Banner. Lehi, Utah. 10 May 1898. p. 6. Missing or empty
- "Provo Social News". Deseret Evening News. Salt Lake City, Utah. 14 June 1902. p. 28. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Leading Provo Banker, Developer Dies at 89". The Daily Herald. Provo, Utah. 27 April 1967. p. 4.
- "Notable Reception at the Lion House". Deseret Evening News. Salt Lake City, Utah. 7 April 1910. p. 2. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Robert K. (Bob) Allen Files for City Council". The Daily Herald. Provo, Utah. 2 October 1961. p. 2. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
- "Stanford Awards Degrees to Three Provo Residents". The Daily Herald. Provo, Utah. 12 April 1939. p. 1. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
- "Active Provo Business, Community Leader Dies". The Daily Herald. Provo, Utah. 23 April 1976. p. 2. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Inez Knight Allen Services Wednesday: Beloved Provo Woman Succumbs to Acute Gastritis Attack Saturday Night". The Daily Herald. Provo, Utah. 7 June 1937. p. 1. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
- "Smallpox at Provo: Jesse Knight's Daughter Contracts the Disease- Registration Heavy". The Salt Lake Herald. Salt Lake City, Utah. 11 October 1900. p. 5. Retrieved July 28, 2016.
- "Brigham Young Academy". Deseret Evening News. Salt Lake City, Utah. 15 December 1900. p. 52. Retrieved July 28, 2016.
- "Church Honors Early Workers in Mission Field: Five Women Entertained at Breakfast Meeting of Yesharah". The Salt Lake Tribune. Salt Lake City, Utah. 10 June 1934. p. 61. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
- "Nelke Reading". The Daily Herald. Provo, Utah. 13 October 1936. p. 3. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
- "The Primaries: Delegates Elected to Attend the County Convention". The Evening Dispatch. Provo, Utah. 8 August 1895. p. 1. Retrieved July 28, 2016.
- "Utahns Named to Take Lead in Relief of Those in Need". The Ogden Standard-Examiner. Ogden, Utah. 20 August 1931. p. 1. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
- "Inez Knight Allen". The Daily Herald. Provo, Utah. 7 June 1937. p. 4. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
- "Official Ballot: For Delegates to Convention to Reject or Ratify the Following Proposed Amendment to the Constitution of the United States". The Salt Lake Tribune. Salt Lake City, Utah. 30 October 1933. p. 18. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
- "You're an Old-Timer if you Recall These Events". The Daily Herald. Provo, Utah. 22 July 1976. p. 24. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "High Church Officials Pay Tribute to Inez Knight Allen". The Daily Herald. Provo, Utah. 10 June 1937. pp. 1–2. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
- "It's Time for a Change: Elect Bob Allen Mayor". The Sunday Herald. Provo, Utah. 30 October 1965. p. 13. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Brigham Young Academy". The Salt Lake Herald. Salt Lake City, Utah. 31 December 1899. p. 20. Retrieved July 28, 2016.
- "Notes and Personals". Deseret Evening News. Salt Lake City, Utah. 28 September 1897. p. 5. Retrieved July 28, 2016.
- "'Y' Dormitory to be Named Allen Hall". The Daily Herald. Provo, Utah. 8 December 1937. p. 1. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
- Inez Knight Allen diary (finding aid), Brigham Young University, Harold B. Lee Library, L. Tom Perry Special Collections
- Inez Knight Allen diary (digitized journal), Brigham Young University, Harold B. Lee Library, L. Tom Perry Special Collections
- Jeffrey S. Hardy, "Amanda Inez Knight", Mormon Missionary Diaries, byu.edu
- Inez Knight Allen at Find a Grave
- State of Utah Death Certificate: Amanda Inez Knight Allen, utah.gov